Autor(s): Diana Prameswari, Hesti Lestari Tata
DOI: 10.20886/ijfr.2004.1.1.25-30


Shoreapinanga Scheff.   is a major tropical plant species which has an important  economic  value not  only for timber,  but also as illipe nut  (called tengkawang  in local  name) production.   This species   is suggested   for  land  rehabilitation    and  forest  conservation.    In rehabilitation   action, S. pi11a11ga is usually   planted   on the poor  and degraded  area.   Application   of  chemical  fertilizer and compost  is used to increase  the survival  and growth  of  the  seedlings.  Excessive chemical fertilizer  input  to soil, however,  may cause  negative  effect on  soil,  plant  and  environment. Conversely,  compost  may improve soil porosity, soil aggregate,  water absorption   and soil fertility. The objective  of  the study  was  to examine  effect  of  planting  media  on growth  of  S. pinanga  seedlings. Complete  randomized  design has been arranged with 5 treatments,  e.g. soil mixed with husk  (at the proportion   of  1:1), soil mixed with acacia compost  (1:1),   soil mixed with charcoal of  rice husk (1:1)   and soil mixed with humic acid (1:1).    Another  treatment  was  soil alone  used as control.   The  result showed that  growth  of  both  stem  height   and  diameter,  and  index  of seedling  quality  were affected  significantly   by planting  media.    The mixture  of  soil and  acacia compost  (1 :1)  was the best  planting media for the growth  of S. pinanga seedlings,  which resulted in the growth  of height  (24.19   cm) and stem diameter  (0.246 cm).  Meanwhile, soil mixed with rice husk charcoal (1:1)  gave the best result to the index of  seedling quality (ISQ = 1.34)   and total dry weight (TOW=   15.93  g).


Shorea pinanga, planting media, compost

Full Text:



Arancon, N.Q., S. Lee, CA.Edwards and R. Atiyeh. 2004. Effects of humic acids derived from cattle, food and paper-waste vermicomposts on growth of greenhouse plants. Pedobiologia. January 2004. 47(5-6):741-744

Buckman, H.O and N.C. Brady. 1982. The Nature and Properties of Soil. PT Bharata. Jakarta (Translated to Bahasa Indonesia by Soegiman).

Bio Flora. 1997. Bio Flora International Breakthrough In Adding Humic Acid To Soil Biomass. Bio Flora International. Good Year. A.Z.

Dickson, A, A.L. Leaf and J.F. Hosner. 1960. Quality appraisal of white spruce and white pine seedling stocks in nurseries. Forest. Chron. 36(1):10-13.

Jo,I.S.1990. Effect of organic fertilizer on soil physical properties and plant growth. Paper presented at seminar on "The use of organic fertilizers in crop production", at Suwon, South Korea, 18- 24 June. 1990. 25 P:

Karama, A.S. dan I. Manwan. 1990. Penggunaan pupuk organik pada tanaman pangan. Makalah pada Lokakarya Nasional Efisiensi Penggunaan Pupuk. Cisarua, Bogor. 12 -13 Nopember 1990. 44 pp.

Lackey, M and A. Alm.1982 Evaluation of growing media for culturing containerized Red Pine and White Spruce. Tree Planters. Notes 33 (1) : 3 - 7.

Maimer, A. 1996. Nutrient losses from Dipterocarps forests - A case study of forest plantation establishment in Sabah, Malaysia. In A. Schulte and D. Schone (Eds). Dipterocarp Forest- Ecosystems. Towards Sustainable Management. World Scientific. Singapore. P:52- 73.

Prameswari, D. 2004. Pengaruh inokulasi cendawan ektornikorhiza dan media tumbuh terhadap pertumbuhan Sborea javanica K and V. Thesis. Pascasarjana - IPB. Bogor

Raihan, H.S. 1992. Pengaruh sekam padi dan kapur terhadap kandungan hara tanaman, pertumbuhan dan basil jagung serta kedelai. Thesis. Pascasarjana - IPB. Bogor.

Sanchez, P.A. 1992. Properties and Management of Soil in the Tropics. ITB Press. Bandung (Translated to Bahasa Indonesia by .J.T. Jayadinata).

Soepardi, G. 1983. Sifat dan Ciri Tanah. Departemen Ilmu-ilmu Tanah, IPB, Bogor Supriyanto. 1999. The effectiveness of some ectomycorrhizal fungi in alginate beads promoting the growth of several Dipterocarps seedlings. Biotropika 12: 59- 77.


  • There are currently no refbacks.