FITOREMEDIASI LIMBAH BUDIDAYA IKAN LELE (Clarias sp.) DENGAN KANGKUNG (Ipomoea aquatica) DAN PAKCOY (Brassica rapa chinensis) DALAM SISTEM RESIRKULASI

Hefni Effendi, Bagus Amalrullah Utomo, Giri Maruto Darmawangsa, Rebo Elfida Karo-Karo

Abstract


Budidaya ikan lele (Clarias sp.) menghasilkan limbah organik yang dapat menyebabkan penurunan kualitas air. Penelitian bertujuan menganalisis kemampuan kangkung (Ipomoea aquatica) dan pakcoy (Brassica rapa chinenesis) sebagai agen fitoremediator limbah dalam sistem resirkulasi. Penelitian dilakukan dalam laboratorium menggunakan rancangan acak lengkap in time dengan tiga perlakuan, tiga ulangan, selama 35 hari pengamatan. Secara umum parameter kualitas air yang diamati (suhu, pH, oksigen terlarut, amonia total, amonia bebas, ammonium, nitrat, dan ortofosfat) menunjang bagi kehidupan ikan lele, kangkung, dan pakcoy. Suhu air selama pengamatan (27-30 0C) berpengaruh terhadap pertumbuhan pakcoy, dimana pakcoy merupakan tanaman introduksi dari subtropis yang bersuhu dingin (18-22 0C). Persentasi penurunan amonium pada perlakuan kangkung (78,42%) dan pakcoy (52,16%). Penyerapan amonium secara langsung melalui akar sebagai pupuk alami pada kangkung lebih optimal bila dibandingkan dengan pakcoy. Persentase penurunan amonia bebas menunjukkan perbedaan pada perlakuan kontrol, kangkung, dan pakcoy berturut-turut adalah 89,16%, 93,62%, dan 96,62%. Perlakuan kangkung lebih efektif dalam meningkatkan tingkat kelangsungan hidup dan laju konversi pakan ikan lele.

Keywords


fitoremediasi, ikan lele (Clarias sp.), kangkung (Ipomoea aqatica), limbah, pakcoy (Brasssica rapa chinensis)

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References


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.20886/jklh.2015.9.2.80-92

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