PENGGUNAAN Phanerochaete chrysosporium PADA PENGOLAHAN PULP BIO-SEMI-MEKANIS KAYU TERENTANG

Yeni Aprianis, Denny Irawati, Sri Nugroho Marsoem

Sari


Kayu terentang (Campnosperma auriculata Hook.f) memiliki berat jenis rendah (0,3), sehingga salah satu alternatif pemanfaatannya menjadi pulp adalah dengan proses semi-mekanis. Pengurangan konsumsi energi pada proses kimia-mekanis dilakukan menggunakan jamur pendegradasi lignin (Phanerochaete chrysosporium) sebagai perlakuan awal. Pengolahan pulp semi-mekanis menggunakan NaOH 4% dan masa inkubasi 0 (kontrol), 3, 4, dan 5 minggu. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa perlakuan P. chrysosporium berpengaruh nyata terhadap kehilangan berat, kandungan kimia, dan kebutuhan energi refining. Kehilangan berat serpih kayu berkisar 15,95-21,31% dan peningkatan kadar selulosa mencapai 6,77%. Inkubasi selama lima minggu menurunkan kadar lignin hingga 22,97% dan menghemat energi refining sebesar 22,7%.


Kata Kunci


Lama inkubasi; Phanerochaete chrysosporium; biopulping; terentang

Teks Lengkap:

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Referensi


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.20886/jphh.2016.34.3.231-239

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