EFISIENSI BEBERAPA JENIS TUNGKU KAYU BAKAR

Nurmala Hudaya, Hartoyo Hartoyo

Abstract


The Forest Product Research and  Development Centre, Bogor, has  constructed  the Lorena,   Singer and the Traditional  fuelwood stoves to measured the  efficiency of each type. The material used for the construction of the stoves are clay, sand, sawdust, red-bricks  and  water.

The  efficiency of  each  type  is  measured  by  using  the  stoves  for  cooking  water  to  boiling point in an aluminium pan, where rubber (Hevea brasiliensis) wood is used as fuelwood.

The  stoves  efficiency is expressed  as the  ratio  between  the effective  heat the boiled  water absorbs and the potensial heat  produced by  firewoods.

The results of the  observations and  calculations  of  the  efficiency of   the  respective types   of   firewood   stoves indicated  that  the  Lorena  stove  has the  highest  efficiency of  24.75%,  followed by the Singer stove with  24.50%, and the traditional  one,  the least  efficient   is 18.64%.

Compared  with  the tested  traditional stove, the  Lorena  and  the  Singer stoves  appear  to have high efficiency which consumed 30% less of  fuelwood.

 


Keywords


efficiency;produced;observations;compared

References


Chittenden, A.E. and G.R. Breag, 1978, Wood Ror Energi In Developing Countries, Industrial

Development Departement Tropical Product, Culham Abindon, Oxfordshire OX 14 3 DA, United Kingdom, (Voluntary Paper, WFC).

Evan, I., 1978, Using Firewood More Efficiently, Living Systim, California 96694, USA, (Secial Paper, WFC).

Evans, I., 1979, Lorena Owner Built Stoves, The Apropriate Technology Project of Volunteer in Asia, Stanford, California 94305, USA (Volunteer in Asia Publication).

Hundari, A., H.K. Sudjono dan P. Sardjono, 1977, Tungku rumah tangga dan Program Energi Lembaga Fisika Nasional LIPI, Jakarta.

Hadi, S., Buharman, Boen Purnama, dan Hartoyo, 1979, Penggunaan Kayu Bakar dan Limbah Pertanian di Indonesia (Kertas Kerja untuk Lokakarya Energi Komite Nasional Indonesia), Lembaga Penelitian Hasil Hutan, Bogor.

Singer, H., 1961. Improvement of Fuelwood Cooking Stove and Economy Fuelwood Consumption, Food and Agriculture Organization of United Nation, Rome, (Report to the Goverment of Indonesia).




DOI: https://doi.org/10.20886/jphh.1984.1.3.1-8

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


JURNAL PENELITIAN HASIL HUTAN INDEXED BY:

More...


Copyright © 2015 | Jurnal Penelitian Hasil Hutan (JPHH, Journal of Forest Products Research)
eISSN : 2442-8957, pISSN : 0216-4329
JPHH is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.