SERBUK BABAKAN BAKAU SEBAGAI PEREKAT PAPAN PARTIKEL

Suwardi Sumadiwangsa

Sari


This experiment evaluate the use of mangrove (Rhizophora mucronata) bark powder mixed with paraformaldehyde as an adhesive in particleboard manufacturing.  The treatments consisted of powder size (100 and 140 mesh) and pressing temperature (110,125,  and 140° C).  The qualities observed were physical and mechanical properties of the boards.

The effect of powder size on the properties of particleboard was negative. The effect of temperature on the properties of particleboard was on the other hand significant.  There is a linear correlation between temperature and each property of particleboard. Except Thickness Swelling, all properties conform with Particleboard Standard issued by FAO (1966), especially at temperature 125° C or above.

Kata Kunci


mangrove; partikel board; bark powder; experiment

Teks Lengkap:

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Referensi


Brandts, T.G. 1953. Mangrove tannin-formaldehyde resins as hot press plywood adhesive. Pengumuman Balai Penyelidikan Kehutanan No. 37, Bogor.

Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). 1959. Development in test methods for fibre board and particle boards. FAO, Rome.

George, S.J ., S.S. Zoolagud, and T.S. Rangaraju. 1976. Preliminary investigation on the use of tannin adhesive for particleboard manufacture. Indian Plywood Industries Research Institute Journal Suhu kempa/Pressing temperature (oC) Vol. 6, No. 1, Bangalore.

Halligan, A.F.1970. A review of thickness swelling in particleboard. Journ.Wood Sci. Tech. 4 (4): 303-304.

Plomley, K.F, J.W. Gottstein, and W.E. Hillis. 1964. Tannin formaldehyde adhesives for wood: I. Mangrove Tannin adhesives. Aust. J. Appl. Sci. 15: 171-182.

Sudjana. 1980. Disain dan analisis eksperimen. Tarsito, Bandung.

Sumadiwangsa, S. 1985. Tanin bakau sebagai bahan perekat papan partikel (Mangrove tannin as particleboard adhesive). Pengumuman No.7. Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Hasil Hutan.

Wiroatmojo, P. dan D.M. Judi. 1978. Pengelolaan hutan payau di Indonesia. Paper pada Seminar Ekosistem Hutan Mangrove, 27 Februari - l Maret 1978, Jakarta.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.20886/jphh.1985.2.4.1-7

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