ANATOMI SEBELAS JENIS KAYU KURANG DIKENAL DARI SUKU MIMOSACEAE, MYRISTICACEAE DAN MORACEAE

Y l Mandang

Abstract


Gross and anatomical  features  of  eleven lesser known  wood species of  Mimosaceae.  Myristicaceae and  Momceae  were  observed and  described  for  identification  pueposes.   Fiber  dimension were also  measured   and  evaluated  for  their  suitability  for  pulp manufacturing purposes.

Members of Mimosaceae  (Adenanthera pavonina  and Albizia chinensis) are characterized  by homoselular  ray,  paratracheal  pa-renchyma and vestured pit. Further differenttiation  is posibie  based on other characters.

Members  of  Myristicaceae (Myristica maxima and  Horsfieldia sylvestris) are characterized by apotracheal banded parenchyma. vessels  mostly in radial multiples and the presence of  taniniferous tube in ray  tissue.Further differentiation  is not possible.

No spesific features  Were found  for  Moraups   but  two groups  were  recognized : 1)  those brown in colour  with paratracheal

parenchyma and white deposit in some of  their  vessels (5 species) :  2) those white in  colaur, aportracheal  banded,  parenchyma,

withoute white deposit in vessel (2 species).  Futher  differentiation of each group is possible up to genera  level.

Ten out of eleven species examined contain fibers   with medium  quality. The rest one  species, (Prainea  limpato - Moraceae) contain  fibers with poor quality.


References


Den Berger, L.G. 1949. Determinatie table voor houtsoorten van Malesie tot op familie of geslacht Balai Penyelidikan Kehutanan, Bogor.

Furuno, T. 1977. Anatomy of Papua New Guinea Woods.

l. Research Report of Foreign Wood No. 6. Fac. of

Agr. Shimane Univ. matsue, Japan.

Heyne, K 1950. Tumbuhan Berguna Indonesia Jilid I - IV. Terjemahan. Badan Penelitian dan Pengem- angan Kehutanan, Jakarta.

Hildebrand, F .H. 1952. Nama-nama kesatuan untuk jenis- jenis kayu penting di Indonesia. Pengumuman Istimewa No. 6. Balai Penyelidikan Kehutanan, Bogor.

Kartasujana, I. dan A. Martawijaya. 1979. K.ayu perda- angan Indonesia, sifat dan kegunaannya. Penerbitan ulang Pengumuman No.3 (1973) dan No. 56 (1976) Lembaga Penelitian Hasil Hutu Bogor.

Martawijaya, A. dan I. Kartasujana. 1977. Ciri umum, sifat dan kegunaan jenis-jenis kayu Indonesia. Pub- ikasi Khusus No.41. lembaga Penelitian Hasil Hutan Bogor.

Mandang, Y.I. 1990. Anatomi dan identifikasi 17 jenis kayu kurang dikenal. Jurnal Penelitian Hasil Hutan

(2) : 55-69.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.20886/jphh.1994.12.1.9-20

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


JURNAL PENELITIAN HASIL HUTAN INDEXED BY:

More...


Copyright © 2015 | Jurnal Penelitian Hasil Hutan (JPHH, Journal of Forest Products Research)
eISSN : 2442-8957, pISSN : 0216-4329
JPHH is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.