HASIL DESTILASI KERING DAN NILAI KALOR KAYU NANGKA (Artocarpus heterophyllus Lamk)

Sri Komarayati, Djeni Hendra

Sari


Rapid destructive of Jackfruit wood was carried out by using a retort equipped with electrical heating system. This retort was also connected to a condensor and two flask to catch and collect the distillate or condensed gas. The retort capacity was about 4 kg of wood. Treatment conditions given in these experiment were maximum heating temperature of 500 C and 5 hours distillation time.

The results showed that charcoal yield of Jackfruit wood varied from 25.00 to 39.81%, tar from 6.23 to 9.42% and pyroligneous liquor from 67.64 to 102.05%. The calorific value of wood varied from 4392.00 to 4620.65 kcal/g and charcoal from 6691.81 to 7108.37 kcal/g.

Based on these calorific values, wood and charcoal of Jackfruit wood are excellent material for fuel.


Kata Kunci


Kayu nangka; destilasi kering; nilai kalor

Teks Lengkap:

PDF

Referensi


ASTM. 1959. ASTM Standard Coal and Coke D-5. American Society for Testing and Materials, Philadelphia.

ASTM. 1982. Annual book of ASTM. Coal and Coke. American Society for Testing and Materials, Philadelphia.

Hawley. H. 1923. Wood distillation. The Chemical Catalog Company New York, USA.

Hendra. 1992. Hasil pyrolisis dan nilai kalor dari 8 jenis kayu di Indonesia Bagian Timur. Jurnal Penelitian Hasil Hutan. 10 (4): 122-124.

Sunaryono, H. 1992. Budidaya dan Bioteknologi Nangka. Prosiding Seminar Nasional. Penelitian dan Pengembangan Jenis-jenis Pohon Serba Guna, Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kehutanan- Kerja sama dengan Winrock Intemasional, Bogor.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.20886/jphh.1994.12.2.84-88

Refbacks

  • Saat ini tidak ada refbacks.


JURNAL PENELITIAN HASIL HUTAN TERINDEKS DI:

Lebih banyak...


Copyright © 2015 | Jurnal Penelitian Hasil Hutan (JPHH, Journal of Forest Products Research)
eISSN : 2442-8957, pISSN : 0216-4329
JPHH is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.