ANATOMI DELAPAN JENIS KAYU KURANG DIKENAL DARI SUKU FLACOURTIACEAE SAMPAI JUGLANDACEAE (Wood anatomy of eight lesser known wood species of Flacouriiaceae to Juglandaceae)

Y I Mandang

Sari


Gross and anatomical features of eight lesser known wood species  belongs to 5 families from Flacourtiaceae to Juglandaceae were observed and described for  identification purposes. Fiber dimension were also measured for  evaluation of their suitability for pulp.  Septate fibers, vessels in radial multiples. some ray longitudinallyfused are the main characters of Homalium and   Trichadenia    (Flacourtiaceae).    Bucklandia    and    Distylium    (Hamamelidaceae)   are characterized by small and polygonal vessel,  scalariform perforation plate, and disjunctive end wall at upright ray cells. Urandra and Platea (Icacinaceae) are characterized by two type of ray  width, fibers  with  distinctly bordered pit,  scalariform  perforation  plate.and  yellowish  wood colour.  Four  species  contain    fibers   with  medium  quality for  pulp   (Engelhardtia  spicata, Bucklandia triscuspis,  Platea  latifolia,   and  Trichadenia  philippinensis).  The rest four  species contain fibers  with poor  quality.  Trichadenia  philippinensis  is the only one among eight wood species examined which has decorative  appearance  :  moderatelyfine  texture,  bright yellow  in colour and considerable high density. It is thereforepossible  to be used as "ramin" substitute.

Key words:   wood anatomy,  identification, Flacourticeae, Juglandaceae.


Teks Lengkap:

PDF

Referensi


Directorate General of Forestry. 1974. Standardization of nomenclature and specication of lesser known and lesser utilized species of timber. Country report from Indonesia.

Direktorat Jenderal Pengusahaan Hutan. 1987. Nama Perdagangan Kayu. Standar Kehutanan Indonesia, SKI C-S-002, Surat Keputusan Menteri Kehutanan No.019/Kpts-II.1988.

Furuno,T. 1970. Anatomy of Papua New Guinea Woods (Continude) Faculty of Agriculture, Shimame Univ., Matsue,Japan.

Hildebrandt, F.H.1952. Nama – nama kesatuan untuk jenis-jenis pohon penting di Indonesia. Balai Penyelidikan Kehutanan Bogor.

Mandang, Y.I. 1990. Anatomi dan identifikasi 17 jenis kayu kurang dikenal. Jurnal Penelitian Hasil Hutan 8(2): 55-69

Martawijaya,A.I. Kartasujana, Y.I Mandang, K, kadir dan S. Among Prawira. 1989. Atlas Kayu Indonesia Jilid II. Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Hasil Hutan,Bogor.

Nurachman, A. dan T. Silitonga. 1973. Dimensi serat beberapa jenis kayu dari Sumatera Selatan. Laporan No. 13, Lembaga Penelitian Hasil Hutan, Bogor.

Oey Djoen Seng, 1990. Berat jenis dari jenis-jenis kayu Indonesia dan pengertian beratnya kayu untuk keperluan praktek. Pengumuman No.13 Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Hasil Hutan. Cetak ulang.

Sudo,S. 1989. Wood anatomical characteristics of tropical species from asia and the Facific region. The and Pacific Regional Wood Anatomy Conference. Los Banos, Laguna. Philippinensis,15-21 October 1989.

Wheeler,E.A.,P Baas and E. Gasson. 1989. JAWA List of Microscopic Feature for Hardwood Identification. JAWA Bull.n.s. 10(3) : 219-332.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.20886/jphh.1996.14.1.31-%2045

Refbacks

  • Saat ini tidak ada refbacks.


JURNAL PENELITIAN HASIL HUTAN TERINDEKS DI:

Lebih banyak...


Copyright © 2015 | Jurnal Penelitian Hasil Hutan (JPHH, Journal of Forest Products Research)
eISSN : 2442-8957, pISSN : 0216-4329
JPHH is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.