KEAWETAN BATANG AREN (Arenga pinnata Merr.)

Ginuk Sumarni, Agus Ismanto, Mohammad Muslich

Sari


Aren (Arenga pinnata Merr ) is one  of the natural resources of the  tropics  which has been used widely in  the daily life of the  local community  as a sustainable resource due to its wide distribution, high availability, and desirable properties. The significant uses  in  Indonesia  are for building material,  making various baskets, roof, sugar,  candied fruits, and handicraft.

The specimen of aren was selected from Jasinga, West Java. A log sample was taken from three height levels of the stem, viz top,  middle and bottom sections. Each section was tested to the  dry wood termite Cryptotcrmes cynoccphalus Light.,  the subterranean  termite Coptotcrmes  curvignathus,  Holmgren the  powder post  beetle and  Heterobostrychus aequalis Wat the fungi  Schyzophyllum commune Fr.,  Pycnoporus sanguincus  (Fr.) Karst, and the Dacryopinax  spathularia (Schw.)  Marst

The results showed that aren stem specimens taken from  the top,  middle and bottom sections are resistant  to dry  wood termite (Cryptotcrmes  cynocephalus  Light.),  especially the bottom section which can be classified as durability class I.  The results also showed  that aren stem is resistant to powder post beetle (Heterobostrychus aequalis Wat.) and fungi (Schyzophyllum commune Fr., Pycnoporus sanguincus (Fr.) Karst. and Dacryopinax   spathularia  (Schw.) Marst.).  On the other hand,  aren stem is not resistant   to the  subterranean   termite Coptotermes curvignathus Holmgren,  especially  the top section which can be classified  as durability class V.


Kata Kunci


Batang aren, keawetan, rayap kayu kering, rayap tanah, bubuk kayu kering, jamur perusak

Teks Lengkap:

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Referensi


Barly. 1989. Pengawetan batang aren dengan bahan pengawet tipe CCA, CCB dan BFCA. Jumal Penelitian Hasil Hutan 6 (4): 246-249. Puslitbang Hasil Hutan, Bogor.

Cartwright K.St.G and W.P.K. Findlay. 1958. Decay of Timber and Its Preservation. Her Majesty's Stationary Office, London.

Findlay, W.P.K. 1938. The Natural Resistance to Decay of Some Empire Timber. Cited in K. St.G. Cartwright and W.P.K. Findlay 1958 Decay of timber and Its Preservation. Her Majesty's Stationary Office, London.

Gusmailina dan Hartoyo. 1989. Anal is kimia batang aren (Arenga pinnata Merr.) dari Jasinga, Bogor. Jumal Penelitian Hasil Hutan 6 (6): 353-359. Puslitbang Hasil Hutan, Bogor.

Martawijaya, A. dan G. Sumami. 1978. Resistance of a number of Indonesian wood species against Cryptotermes cynocephalus Light. Report No. 129, Forest Products Research Institute, Bogor.

Sumami, G. dan A. Ismanto. 1989. Uji pilih makanan rayap kayu kering Cryptotermes cynocephalus Light. Jurnal Penelitian Hasil Hutan 6 (4): 235-237. Puslitbang Hasil Hutan, Bogor.

Supriana, N. 1983. Hubungan antara aktifitas makan pada rayap dengan sifat-sifat kayu. Proceeding Pertemuan Ilmiah Pengawetan Kayu, tanggal 12 - 13 Oktober 1983 di Jakarta. Hal. 119 - 13l. Badan Litbang Kehutanan, Jakarta.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.20886/jphh.2003.21.2.167-173

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