SIFAT ANATOMI DAN FISIS KAYU JATI DARI MUNA DAN KENDARI SELATAN

Sri Rulliaty, Mody Lempang

Abstract


 

It is traditionally acknowledged that teak wood (Tectona grandis L.f) originated from Muna district had a better quality than that of South-Kendari. The objective of this study was to evaluate the different characteristics of both teaks. Wood samples were collected from bottom,  central and top part of trees from  age class 11 and Ill  (18 and 28 years) extracted from each region.  Samples were then examined for their anatomical and physical characteristics to determine the quality.

Results revealed that teak wood samplesfrom Muna had higher dimensions in fiber  diameter,

fiber  lumen width and vessel diameter than those of South-Kendari samples.  Such characteristics might bring the samples from Muna to have a higher specific gravity than the South-Kendari samples. It was also clearly shown that the older trees (age class III) possessed better characteristics than those of the young ones (age class II).


Keywords


Kualitas kayu, kayujati, Muna, Kendari Selatan, beratjenis.

References


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Gasperz, V. 1994. Metoda perancangan percobaan. CV Armico. Bandung.

Lantican, C.B. 1982. Manual of statistical procedures for forestry research. Part I and II, pp 23 - 27. UPLB. Los Bafios, Philippines.

Panshin, A.J. dan C. de Zeeuw. 1980. Textbook of Wood Technology. 14th Ed. McGraw- Hill Book Co. New York.

Rulliaty, S. 1994. Wood quality indicators as estimator of juvenile wood in Mahogany (Swietenia macrophylla King) from forest plantation in Sukabumi, West Java, Indonesia. Thesis Master. UPLB, Los Banos, Phillipina. Tidak dipublikasikan.

Seng, 0. D. 1990. Berat jenis dari jenis-jenis kayu Indonesia dan pengertian beratnya kayu untuk keperluan praktek. Pengumuman Nr. 13. Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Hasil Hutan. Bogor.

Tsoumis, G. 1969. Wood As Raw Material: Source, Structure, Chemical, Composition, Growth, Degradation and Identification. Pergamon Press, Oxford, London.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.20886/jphh.2004.22.4.231-317

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