PENGARUH WAKTU TEKAN DAN UKURAN PARTIKEL KULIT TUSAM (Pinus merkusii Jungh. et. de Vr.) TERHADAP KUALITAS PAPAN PARTIKEL

Asfarizal Saad, Anwar Kasim, Gunawarman Gunawarman, Santosa Santosa

Sari


Papan partikel tanpa perekat sintetis memiliki peluang untuk dikembangkan menggantikan produk serupa dengan perekat sintetis. Pemanfaatan tandan kosong kelapa sawit (TKKS) dan kulit tusam sebagai papan partikel merupakan hal yang menarik dan belum banyak diteliti. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk memperoleh papan partikel yang memenuhi standar SNI 03-2105-2006. Komposisi papan partikel adalah 70% TKKS dan 30% kulit tusam, panjang serat TKKS 0,1-2,0 cm dan kadar air 5-6%. Variasi ukuran partikel kulit tusam adalah lolos saringan 30, 40, dan 50 mesh. Papan partikel dibuat dengan empat variasi waktu kempa panas yaitu 10, 15, 20 dan 25 menit. Hasil pengujian menunjukkan bahwa waktu kempa panas 20-25 menit merupakan waktu terbaik untuk pembuatan papan partikel dari tandan kosong kelapa sawit dan kulit tusam. Pada produk papan partikel yang dibuat dengan ukuran partikel kulit tusam 50 mesh diperoleh sifat fisik dan mekanik yang sebagian besar memenuhi SNI 03-2105-2006 untuk papan partikel kerapatan sedang tipe 8, kecuali sifat mekanik MOE belum memenuhi syarat.


Kata Kunci


Ukuran partikel; kulit tusam; TKKS; papan partikel; sifat mekanik

Teks Lengkap:

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Referensi


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.20886/jphh.2019.37.3.171-183

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