SIFAT PAPAN PARTIKEL DARI CAMPURAN KAYU JABON DAN BAMBU ANDONG

Deazy Rachmi Trisatya, Ignasia Maria Sulastiningsih

Sari


Limbah pengolahan kayu jabon (Antochephalus cadamba Miq.) dan bambu andong (Gigantochloa pseudoarundinacea (Steudel) Widjaja) dimanfaatkan sebagai bahan baku pembuatan papan partikel. Penelitian ini bertujuan mempelajari pengaruh perbandingan berat partikel kayu jabon dan bambu andong terhadap sifat fisis dan mekanis papan partikel. Papan partikel skala laboratorium berukuran 35 cm x 35 cm x 1,2 cm dibuat dengan menggunakan perekat phenol formaldehida cair dengan enam macam komposisi campuran partikel kayu jabon dan bambu andong (100:0, 70:30, 60:40, 50:50, 40:60 dan 30:70). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa sifat papan partikel campuran kayu jabon dan bambu andong sangat dipengaruhi oleh komposisi material penyusunnya. Penggunaan partikel bambu andong dalam pembuatan papan partikel campuran kayu jabon dan bambu andong dapat menurunkan nilai pengembangan tebal papan partikel kayu jabon sebesar 11,19% sampai 40%. Penggunaan 40% partikel bambu andong dalam pembuatan papan partikel campuran kayu jabon dan bambu andong dapat meningkatkan nilai MOR sebesar 11,49%. Papan partikel campuran kayu jabon dan bambu andong dalam penelitian ini memenuhi Standar Nasional Indonesia dan Standar Jepang untuk papan partikel kecuali untuk nilai MOE.


Kata Kunci


Bambu andong; kayu jabon; phenol formaldehida; papan partikel; sifat fisis dan mekanis

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Referensi


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.20886/jphh.2019.37.2.123-136

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