RESPON PERTUMBUHAN BIBIT BAMBANG LANANG ( L.) Michelia champaca TERHADAP CEKAMAN

Yulianti Bramasto Evayusvita Rustam , Megawati Nina Mindawati

Sari


ABSTRACT
Climate change has caused some part of land in Indonesia become waterlogged or drought. One approach of
mitigation is to find out adaptive species in such condition. However the knowledge about growth capability of
bambang lanang in waterlogged or drought stress is very limited. The objective of this research was to know the
growth responses of bambang lanang seedlings on waterlogged or drought stress. Research design used was
Factorial in Randomized Complete Design. The results showed that seedling of bambang lanang until four weeks old
was sensitive to drought or waterlogged treatment, as confirmed by IS for diameter response and survival rate of
1.089–1.155 and 1.318, respectively. In general tolerant mechanism for stress condition is not been visible at the
seedling level until four weeks old.


ABSTRAK
Perubahan iklim menyebabkan sebagian lahan di Indonesia menjadi tergenang ataupun kekeringan. Salah satu
bentuk mitigasi yang dapat dilakukan adalah mengetahui jenis-jenis tanaman yang mampu tumbuh pada kondisi
cekaman tergenang atau kekeringan. Informasi tentang kemampuan tumbuh bambang lanang pada berbagai kondisi
cekaman masih sangat kurang. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui respon pertumbuhan bibit bambang lanang
pada kondisi cekaman tergenang dan kekeringan. Rancangan penelitian yang digunakan adalah rancangan faktorial
dalam acak lengkap. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa bibit bambang lanang sampai umur empat minggu, peka
terhadap perlakuan kekeringan ataupun genangan. Kematian pada bibit terlihat dari nilai indeks sensitivitas untuk
respon diameter (IS = 1,089–1,155) dan persen tumbuh (IS = 1,318). Secara umum mekanisme toleran terhadap
cekaman belum terlihat pada tingkat bibit sampai umur empat minggu.


Kata Kunci


Kekeringan, Michelia champaca, pertumbuhan, tergenang

Teks Lengkap:

pdf

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Laporan Hasil Penelitian. Bogor: Balai

Penelitian Teknologi Perbenihan Tanaman

Hutan Bogor




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.9868/jpht.v12i3.1021

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