Dampak Implementasi Regulasi Tentang Sistem Verifikasi Legalitas Kayu (SVLK) terhadap Ekspor Produk Industri Kehutanan Indonesia

Yuli Yanto



This study aims to analyze whether the implementation of Indonesia’s Timber Legality Assurance System (SVLK) scheme affects Indonesia’s local forest products exports statistics. We use a panel data of Indonesia’s forest export commodities to 37 importing countries during 2005-2016. A regression indicates that the implemented regulation on Timber Legality Assurance System in either sides (Indonesia alone or importing countries alone) has no significant impact on the quantity (volume) of local forest products exports. Meanwhile, the timber legality verification regulation that has been implemented in both sides (Indonesia and importing countries) will increase the quantity (volume) of local forest goods exports 0.38 times. It happened because SVLK was began to be recognized and accepted by importing countries.

Keywords: Timber Legality Assurance System (SVLK); Export; Forest products.


Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis apakah implementasi regulasi mengenai SVLK berdampak terhadap ekspor produk industri kehutanan Indonesia. Kami menggunakan data panel ekspor produk industri kehutanan Indonesia ke-37 negara pengimpor selama 2005–2016. Hasil regresi menunjukkan bahwa regulasi/ketentuan legalitas kayu yang hanya diimplementasikan di Indonesia (SVLK) atau negara pengimpor tidak berpengaruh terhadap kuantitas (volume) ekspor produk industri kehutanan Indonesia. Sementara itu, regulasi/ketentuan legalitas kayu yang sama-sama sudah diimplementasikan di kedua negara akan dapat meningkatkan kuantitas (volume) ekspor produk industri kehutanan Indonesia sebesar 0,38. Hal ini dapat terjadi karena regulasi SVLK yang diimplementasikan oleh Indonesia mulai diakui dan diterima oleh negara pengimpor.

Kata Kunci : Sistem Verifikasi Legalitas Kayu (SVLK); Ekspor; Produk industri kehutanan.


Sistem Verifikasi Legalitas Kayu (SVLK); Ekspor; Produk industri kehutanan.


Anders, S.M., & Caswell, J.A. (2009). Standards as Barriers versus Standards as Catalysts: Assessing the Impact. American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Vol. 91, No. 2 (May, 2009), pp. 310321. Published by: Oxford University Press on behalf of the Agricultural & Applied Economics Association.

Beghin, J.C. (2006). Nontariff Barriers. Working Paper 06-WP 438 December 2006.

Brack, D. (2003). Illegal Logging and The Illegal Trade in Forest and Timber Products. International Forestry Review, 5 (3): 195-198.

Caswell, J.A., & Hooker, N.H. (1996). HACCP as an International Trade Standard. JSTOR: American Journal of Agricultural Economics Vol. 78 No. 3 (aug., 1996) pp. 775 – 779.

Chaturvedi, S., & Nagpal, G. (2003). WTO and Product-Related Environmental Standards: Emerging Issues and Policy Options. Economic and Political Weekly, Vol. 38, No. 1 (Jan. 4-10, 2003), pp. 66-74.

Chen, C., Yang, J., & Findlay, C. (2008). Measuring the Effect of Food Safety Standards on China's Agricultural Export. Review of World Economics/Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv, Vol. 144, No. 1 (April 2008), pp. 83-106. Published by: Springer.

Chen, X., Alfnes, F., & Rickertsen, K. (2014). Consumer Preferences, Ecolabels, and The Effects of Negative Environmental Information. Selected Paper Prepared for Presentation at the Agricultural & Applied Economics Association’s 2014 AAEA Annual Meeting, Minneapolis, MN, July 27- 29, 2014.

Deardorff, A.V., & Stern, R.M. (1998). Measurement of Non-Tariff Barriers. Studies in International Economics Series, Ann Arbor, Michigan, The University of Michigan Press.

Dou, L., Nakagawa, M., Yan, F., & Li, P. (2013). The Impacts of Food Safety Standards on China Export of Vegetable and Fruits. International Journal of Biological, Biomolecular, Agricultural, Food and Biotechnological Engineering Vol:7, No:5, 2013.

Drogue, S., & De Maria, F. (2010). Pesticides Residues and Trade: The Apple of Discord?. Paper Prepared for Presentation at the EAAE 2011 Congress Change and Uncertainty Challenges for Agriculture, Food and Natural Resources August 30 to September 2, 2011 ETH Zurich, Switzerland.

Ekananda, M. (2016). Analisis Ekonometrika Data Panel. Jakarta: Mitra Wacana Media, 2014.

Green, W.H. (2008). Econometric Analysis 6th Edition. Pearson, Prentice Hall.

Hawin, M., Nurhayati, I., & Antoni, V. (2010). Analisis Hukum Teks Voluntary Partnership Agreement antara Indonesia dan UE. Jakarta: Forest Governance and MFP.

Ho, L., et al. (1997). The Potential Impact of the EU Eco-Labelling Program on Columbian Textile Exports in S. Zarrilli, V. Jha, and R. Vossenaar, 1st Edition. Eco-Labelling and International Trade (UNCTAD).

International Trade Center UNCTAD/WTO. (2003). An Introduction to Eco-Labellin. Bulletin No.73 December2003. Postal address: ITC, Palais des Nations, 1211 Geneva 10, Switzerland. (http://www.intracen.org).

Irwanto, E.P. (2017). Tesis : Pengaruh Regulasi Ekolabel Terhadap Ekspor Komoditas Kayu Tropis Indonesia. Jakarta: Fakultas Ekonomi Universitas Indonesia.

Jaffee, S., & Henson, S. (2004). Standards and Agro-Food Exports from Developing Countries: Rebalancing the Debate. World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 3348, June 2004.

Jaffry, et al. (2004). Consumer Choices for Quality and Sustainability Labelled Seafood Products in the UK. Elsevier: Food Policy 29 (2004) 215–228.

Jha, V., & Zarrilli, S. (1997). Eco-Labelling Initiatives as Potential Barriers to Trade: A Viewpoint from Developing Countries, in S. Zarrilli, V. Jha, and R. Vossenaar, 1st Edition. Eco-Labelling and International Trade (UNCTAD).

Kementerian LHK. . (2016). Permen LHK Nomor P.30/Menlhk/Setjen/PHPL.3/3/2016 tentang Penilaian Kinerja PHPL dan Verifikasi Legalitas Kayu. Jakarta. (www.menlhk.go.id).

Kementerian LHK. (2015). Statistik Kementerian LHK Tahun 2014. Jakarta: Kementerian LHK. (www.menlhk.go.id).

Korinek, J., Melatos, M., & Rau, M.L. (2007). A Review of Methods for Quantifying The Trade Effects of Standars in The Agri-food Sector. OECD Trade Policy Working Paper No. 79. Paris: OECD. 20 Februari 2014.

Krugman, P.R., & Obstfeld, M. (2009). International Economics, Theory and Policy, 8th ed. Boston, etc.: Addison-Wesley. For short K-O.

Li, K., Song, L., & Zhao, X. (2008). Component Trade and China’s Global Economic Integration. Research Paper No. 2008/101, ISSN 1810-2611, November 2008. http://www.rrojassdatabank.info/rp2008_10L.pdf.

Li, X., Saghaian, S., & Reed, M. (2013). Differential Impacts of HACPP Systems on Trade Flows: The Case of U.S. Seafood Exports. Economics World. ISSN 2328-7144, December 2013, Vol. 1, Nomor 1, 14-28.

Liu, et al. (2017). Consumer Choices and Motives for Eco-Labeled Products in China: An Empirical Analysis Based on the Choice Experiment. Sustainability 2017, 9, 331; doi:10.3390/su9030331.

Markandy, A. (1997). Eco-Labelling: An Introduction and Review, in S. Zarrilli, V. Jha, and R. Vossenaar, 1st Edition. Eco-Labelling and International Trade (UNCTAD).

Maryudi, A. (2015). Choosing Timber Legality Verification As A Policy Instrument to Combat Illegal Logging in Indonesia. Elsevier: Forest Policy and Economics.

Mitchell, L. (2003). Economic Theory and Conceptual Relationships Between Food Safety and International Trade. in Jean C. Buzby International Trade and Food Safety: Economic Theory and Case Studies. Agricultural Economics Report No. 828 (USDA).

Notonegoro, D.P. (2016). Thesis : The Impact of Timber Legality Verification System (SVLK) on Indonesian Plywood Export Market. Jakarta: Fakultas Ekonomi Universitas Indonesia.

Otsuki, T., Wilson, J., & Sewadeh, M. (2001). What Price Precaution? European Harmonization of Aflatoxin Regulations and African Groundnut Exports. European Review of Agricultural Economics, Vol 28 (2) (2001), pp. 263 –284.

Perez-Ramirez, et al. (2015). Consumer Acceptance of Eco-Labeled Fish : A Mexican Case Study. Sustainability 2015, 7, 4625-4642; doi:10.3390/su7044625.

Pugel, T.,A. (2016). International Economics : Sixteenth Edition. New York: McGraw-Hill Education.

Salvatore, D. (2013). International Economics 11th Edition. New York: John Wiley and Sons, Inc.

Sawyer, E.N., Kerr, W.A., & Hobbs, J.E. (2008). Consumer Preferences and The International Harmonization of Organic Standards. Elsevier: Food Policy 33 (2008) 607–615.

Thangavelu, S.M. (2010). Non-Tariff Barriers, Integration and Export Growth in ASEAN. Department of Economics, National University of Singapore.

Tian, H. (2003). Eco-Labelling Scheme, Environmental Protection, and Protectionism. The Canadian Journal of Economics/Revue canadienne d'Economique, Vol. 36, No. 3 (Aug., 2003), pp. 608-633. Published by: Wiley on behalf of the Canadian Economics Association.

Turner, J., Katz, A., & Buongiorno, J. (2007). Implications for the New Zealand Wood Products Sector of Trade Distortions due to Illegal Logging. Scion Final Report to MAF (H0177). ISBN978-0-478-37000-3 (online).

Veiga, P.D.M. (1997). Eco-Labelling Schemes in the EU and Their Impact on Brazilian Exports, in S. Zarrilli, V. Jha, and R. Vossenaar, 1st Edition. Eco-Labelling and International Trade (UNCTAD).

Verbruggen, et al. (1997). Eco-Labelling and the Developing Countries: The Dutch Horticultural Sector, in S. Zarrilli, V. Jha, and R. Vossenaar, 1st Edition. Eco-Labelling and International Trade (UNCTAD).

Vossenaar, R. (1997). Eco-Labelling and International Trade: The Main Issues, in S. Zarrilli, V. Jha, and R. Vossenaar, 1st Edition. Eco-Labelling and International Trade (UNCTAD).

Wei, G., Huang, J., & Yang, J. (2011). Honey Safety Standards and Its Impacts on China’s Honey Export. Elsevier: Journal of Integrative Agriculture April 2012 Vol. 11 (4) : 684 - 693.

Wei, G., Huang, J., & Yang, J. (2011). The Impacts of Food Safety Standards on China’s Tea Export. Elsevier: China Economic Review 23 (2012) 253 – 264.

Wilson, J. S., & Otsuki, T. (2004). To Spray or Not to Spray: Pesticides, Banana Exports, and Food Safety. Food Policy, Vol 29, Issue 2, April 2004, Pages 131-146 ; https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodpol.2004.02.003.

World Trade Organization. (2015). Understanding The WTO Fifth Edition. Geneva, Switzerland: The World Trade Organization, Information and External Relations Division.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.20886/jpkf.2019.3.2.101-116


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright©2018 | Jurnal Penelitian Kehutanan Faloak (JPKF)

eISSN : 2579-5805, pISSN : 2620-617X
JPKF is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.


Jurnal Penelitian Kehutanan FALOAK indexed By: