DINAMIKA PENCAPAIAN KONSENSUS DALAM FORUM KOORDINASI PENGELOLAAN DAERAH ALIRAN SUNGAI: SUATU PEMODELAN BERBASIS AGEN (The dynamic of reaching consensus in the coordination forum of watershed management: an agent-based modeling)

Evi Irawan

Abstract


Paradigm change of watershed management towards participative management brings consequences in the involvement of stakeholders in the decision-making process. While on one hand it can increase the social legitimacy of various watershed management policies and activities, the involvement of many stakeholders on the other hand may delay the achievement of consensus and reconciliation of interests. This study aims to examine the influence of social networks built among members of the Central Java Watershed Management Coordination Forum (Forum DAS) on the achievement of consensus with regards to a watershed planning. The research method used agent-based modeling simulation combined with in-depth interview data of forum members. The simulation model was developed using Netlogo 6.02 software. The simulation results show that the structure of the established communications network at this time has not been able to facilitate in the achievement of consensus, but tends to create formation of opinion polarization.

Keywords


watershed forum; consensus; social network; agent-based simulation; netlogo

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.20886/jppdas.2018.2.1.45-60

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