IDENTIFIKASI BAMBU DI SUB DAERAH ALIRAN SUNGAI KEDOME LOMBOK TIMUR DAN ALTERNATIF MANFAAT UNTUK KONSERVASI SEMPADAN SUNGAI (The identification of bamboo at Kedome Sub Watershed East Lombok and its alternatives conservation for the river buffer zones)

Mega Mentari, Tri Mulyaningsih, Evy Aryanti

Abstract


Most bamboo has a tight sympodial rhizome root system that can be used for conservation of river border. Generally, bamboo in each watershed has a variation, such as in Tiupupus watershed North Lombok District, there were found 4 bamboo genera, 9 species, and 1 variety while in Meniting watershed, West Lombok District, there were found 6 genera of 8 species of bamboo. This study aims to determine species of bamboo and its distribution along buffer zones of the Kedome river in East Lombok District. Sampling method was conducted by exploring the bamboo in the buffer zone as long as 6.000 m, the width of the two paths on both sides of the river was 50 m each. Data were analyzed using description method. The results showed: there were 3 bamboo genera, 5 species and 1 variety e.g. Gigantochloa apus, Gigantochloa atter, Thyrsostachis siamensis, Bambusa maculata, Bambusa vulgaris, and Bambusa vulgaris var. vittata. Species of Gigantochloa atter and Bambusa vulgaris have tight sympodial rhizome roots, rounded and thick canopy. Both types of bamboo are recommended to be used as soil and water conservation plants in the watershed.

Keywords


bamboo; Kedome River; Lombok

References


BPDASHL Dodokan Moyosari (2015). Peta Lokasi Kejadian Banjir dan Tanah Longsor Tahun 2015, Kementerian Lingkungan Hidup dan Kehutanan, BPDASHL Dodokan Moyosari, Mataram.

Ben-zhi, Z., Mao-yi, F. U., Jin-zhong, X. I. E., Xiao-sheng, Y., & Zheng-cai, L. I. (2005). Ecological functions of bamboo forest : Research and Application, Journal of Forestry Research, 16(2), 143–147.

Bernas, S. M. (2010). Rumpun bambu sebagai pengendali erosi parit di pinggir kebun karet campuran di kelurahan patih galung kota prabumulih. In Prosiding Seminar Nasional Unsri (pp. 1–9).

Chen, X., Zhang, X., Zhang, Y., Booth, T., & He, X. (2009). Forest ecology and management changes of carbon stocks in bamboo stands in China during 100 years. Forest Ecology and Management, 258, 1489–1496. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2009.06.051

Chen, Z., Tsui, C., Tsai, C., & Chen, Z. (2017). Soil organic carbon stocks in relation to elevation gradients in volcanic ash soils of Taiwan Geoderma Soil organic carbon stocks in relation to elevation gradients in volcanic ash soils of Taiwan. Geoderma, 209–210 (November 2013),119–127. http://doi.org/10. 1016/j.geoderma.2013.06.013

Du, H., Zhou, A. E. G., & Fan, Æ. W. (2010). Spatial heterogeneity and carbon contribution of aboveground biomass of moso bamboo by using geostatistical theory Spatial hete-rogeneity and carbon contribution of aboveground biomass of moso bam-boo by using geostatistical theory. Plant Ecol, 207,131–139. http://doi. org/10.1007/s11258-009-9659-3

Embaye, K. (2016). The indigenous bamboo forests of ethiopia: an overview, Ambi0, 29 (8), 518-521. http://doi.org/10.1579/0044-7447-29.8.518

Hanafi, H. R., Irawan, B., Pertiwi, D. C. dan Litania, A. (2017). Pemanfaatan dan pengelolaan bambu berkelanjutan di Desa Cijedil, Cianjur, Jawa Barat sebagai upaya perwujudan sustai-nable development goals (SDGs). Pros. Sem. Nas. Masy. Biodiv. Indonesia, 3 (2): 230-235. https://doi.org/10. 13057/psnmbi/m030212

Handoko, C. (2011). Agroforestri berbasis bambu di Kabupaten Lombok Timur. Tesis S2. Universitas Gadjahmada.

Huzaemah, Mulyaningsih, T, & Aryanti, E. (2016). Identifikasi bambu pada Daerah Aliran Sungai Tiupupus Kabupaten Lombok Utara. Jurnal Biologi Tropis, 16(2), 23–36

Ide, J., Shinohara, Y., Higashi, N., Komatsu, H., Kuramoto, K., & Otsuki, K. (2010). A preliminary investigation of surface runoff and soil properties in a moso-bamboo (Phyllostachys pubescens) forest in western Japan. Hydrological Research Letters, 4, 84, 80–84. http://doi.org/10.3178/HRL.4.80

Jyoti, A., Lal, R., & Kumar, A. (2015). Ethnopedology and soil quality of bamboo (Bambusa sp.) based agroforestry system Science of the Total Environment Ethnopedology and soil quality of bamboo (Bambusa sp.) based agroforestry system. Science of the Total Environment, The, 521–522 (December 2017), 372–379. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2015.03.059

Li, Y., Jiang, P., Chang, S. X., & Wu, J. (2014). Organic mulch and fertilization affect soil carbon pools and forms under intensively managed bamboo (Phyllostachys praecox) forests in southeast China. J Soils Sediments, 10:739–747. http://doi.org /10.1007/s11368-010-0188-4

Luo, Z., Bahkali, A. L. I. H., Liu, X., Phookamsak, R., Zhao, Y., Zhou, D., … Hyde, K. D. (2016). Poaceascoma aquaticum sp. nov. (Lentitheciaceae), a new species from submerged bamboo in freshwater.Phitotaxa, 253(1), 71–80.

Nath, A. J. and Das, A. K. (2009). Carbon farming thrugh village bamboos in rural landscape of northeast India as affected by traditional harvest regimes. In: VIII world bamboo congress proceedings, Bangkok, Sept 2009.

Newing, H., Eagle, C. M., Puri, R. K. and Watson, C. W. (2011). Conducting research in conservation: a social perspective. Rotledge, London and New York.

Octriviana, R., & Ardiarini, R. (2017). Observasi plasma nutfah bambu di Kabupaten Malang. Jurnal Produksi Tanaman, 5(6), 1044–1052.

Putri, R. J. C., Mulyaningsih, T. & Aryanti, E. 2016. Identifikasi bambu di Daerah Aliran Sungai Meninting Lombok Barat. BioWallacea Jurnal Ilmiah Ilmu Biologi, 2 (2): 89-93.

Sofiah, S., & A. P. Fiqa. (2011). Karakterisasi tumbuhan lokal untuk konservasi tanah dan air, studi kasus pada Kluwih (Artocarpus altilis Park ex Zoll.) Forsberg) dan bambu hitam (Gigantochloa atroviolaceae Widjaja). Berkala Penelitian HAYATI, Edisi Khusus, 29–32.

Song, X., Zhou, G., Jiang, H., Yu, S., Fu, J., Li, W., … Peng, C. (2011). Carbon sequestration by Chinese bamboo forests and their ecological benefits: assessment of potential, problems, and future challenges. Environmental Reviews, 19(NA), 418–428. http://doi.org/10.1139/a11-015

Viana, P. L., Filgueiras, T. S., & Clark, L. G. (2015). Cambajuva (Poaceae : Bambusoideae : Bambuseae : Arthrostylidiinae), a New Woody Bamboo Genus from Southern Brazil. Systematic Botany 38(1): 97–103. http://doi.org/10.2307/23362740

Wang, B., & Niu, X. (2013). Biomass and carbon stock in moso bamboo forests in subtropical China : characteristics and implications, Journal of Tropical Forest Science, 25(1), 137–148.

Widjaja, E. (2001). Identifikasi jenis-jenis bambu di kepulauan sunda kecil. (S. N. Kartikasari, Ed.) (Cetakan pe). Bogor: Puslitbang Biologi-LIPI.

Widjaja, E. A. (2005). Keanekaragaman bambu di Pulau Sumba (Bamboo diversity in Sumba Island). Biodiversitas, 6(April), 95–99. http://doi.org/10.13057/biodiv/d060205

Yani, A. P. (2014). Keanekaragaman bambu dan manfaatnya di desa tabalagan bengkulu tengah. Jurnal Gradien, 10(2), 987–991.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.20886/jppdas.2018.2.2.111-122

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2019 Jurnal Penelitian Pengelolaan Daerah Aliran Sungai

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

 

 

 

Published by:

Cooperation Watershed Management Technology Center (WMTC) with Soil & Water Conservation Society of Indonesia (Masyarakat Konservasi Tanah dan Air Indonesia) or MKTI.

eISSN : 2579-5511,  pISSN : 2579-6097

Secretary:

Watershed Management Technology Center (WMTC)
Jl. Jend A. Yani-Pabelan, Kartasura Po.BOX 295 Surakarta 57102
Phone.(0271) 716709 ; Fax(0271) 716959;
Email : sekred.jppdas@gmail.com

Website : http://dassolo.litbang.menlhk.go.id/

Copyright : Jurnal Penelitian Pengelolaan Daerah Aliran Sungai (Journal of Watershed Management Research)