EFEKTIVITAS MULTIMEDIA DALAM BIOFILTER PADA PENGOLAHAN AIR LIMBAH RUMAH TANGGA (The effectiveness of multimedia in biofilters on grey water treatments)

Muhamad Yusup Hidayat, Ridwan Fauzi, Alfrida Suoth

Abstract


Population growth in major cities in Indonesia has implications to the increase of clean water consumption. The highest demand of clean water is in fulfilling household needs. The use of clean water for household needs does not follow the efficiency principle. So that in fulfilling the water needs, it is necessary to use other sources, one of which is grey water. This study aims to determine the effectiveness of multimedia contacts by adding wood shavings as biofilter material in treating grey water. The applied method in this research is quantitative with a qualitative descriptive approach, by conducting experiments using wood shavings as a material for biofilter. This research was carried out in the residential of Villa Bintang Mas, South Tangerang City in October 2018. The results showed that the usage of biofilter materials with the addition of wood shavings was effective in removing the pollutant of the grey water. It is indicated by the level of biofilter efficiency in reducing pollutant concentrations ranging from 40.6% (BOD parameters) to 100% (Coliform parameters). Nevertheless, Coliform parameters still do not meet the standard quality, therefore, there is a need for additional disinfectants to reduce Coliform levels.


Keywords


grey water; biofilter; wood shavings; multimedia

References


Adisuasono, R. T., Wardana, I. W., & Sutrisno, E. (2014). Penurunan konsentrasi amoniak dalam limbah cair domestik dengan teknologi kolam (pond)-biofilm menggunakan media biofilter pipa PVC sarang tawon dan bata ringan. Teknik Lingkungan, 3(4), 1–12.

Amiri, K., Hartani, T., & Zeddouri, A. (2019). The assessment of an integrated bio-filter systems for the wastewaters treatment in arid regions (Touggourt, Algeria). Management of Environmental Quality: An International Journal. https://doi.org/10.1108/MEQ-05-2018-0095

Badan Pusat Statistik Indonesia. (2013). Indonesia Population Projection 2010-2035. Badan Pusat Statistik Indonesia. Jakarta: Badan Pusat Statistik. https://doi.org/2101018

Chan, W.-C., & Chang, S.-C. (2010). Synthesis of a new type Poly (vinyl alcohol)/Peat/Bamboo Charcoal/KNO3 composite bead used as biofilter material. Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 116(5), 2658–2667. https://doi.org/10.1002/app

Dewi, Y. S., & Buchori, Y. (2016). Penurunan COD, TSS pada penyaringan air limbah tahu menggunakan media kombinasi pasir kuarsa, karbon aktif, sekam padi dan zeolit. Jurnal Ilmiah Satya Negara Indonesia, 9(1), 74–80.

DJ Bayu. (2018). Pengembangan perumahan tumbuh pesat di Jakarta dan 34 Kota Satelit.

Effendi, H., Wahyuningsih, S., & Wardiatno, Y. (2017). The use of nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) cultivation wastewater for the production of romaine lettuce (Lactuca sativa L. var. longifolia) in water recirculation system. Applied Water Science, 7(6), 3055–3063. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13201-016-0418-z

Fatahilah, & Raharjo, I. (2007). Penggunaan karbon aktif dan zeolit sebagai komponen adsorben saringan pasir cepat (sebuah aplikasi teknologi sederhana dalam proses penjernihan air bersih). Jurnal Zeolit Indonesia, 6(2), 43–46.

Filliazati, M., Apriani, I., & Zahara, T. A. (2011). Pengolahan limbah cair domestik dengan biofilter aerob menggunakan media bioball dan tanaman kiambang. Teknik Lingkungan, 1–10.

Fuentes, N., Vizcaino, L. Y., & Gonzalez, H. E. (2018). Integrated system “biodigester - biofilter”: a sustainable option for the environmental management of wastewater from small communities. Contemporary Engineering Sciences, 11(87), 4329–4337. https://doi.org/10.12988/ces.2018.88446

Hadiwidodo, M., Oktiawan, W., Primadani, A. R., Bernadette Nusye Parasmita, & Gunawan, I. (2012). Pengolahan air lindi dengan proses kombinasi biofilter anaerob-aerob dan wetland. Jurnal Presipitasi, 9(2), 84–95.

Herlambang, A. (2001). Pengaruh pemakaian biofilter struktur sarang tawon pada pengolah limbah organik sistem kombinasi anaerob-aerob. Teknologi Lingkungan, 2(1), 28–36.

Herlambang, A. (2003). Proses denitrifikasi dengan sistem biofilter untuk pengolahan air limbah yang mengandung nitrat. Teknik Lingkungan, 4(1), 46–55.

Jing, Z., He, R., Hu, Y., Niu, Q., Cao, S., & Li, Y. Y. (2015). Practice of integrated system of biofilter and constructed wetland in highly polluted surface water treatment. Ecological Engineering, 75, 462–469. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoleng.2014.12.015

Liao, X., Chen, C., Zhang, J., Dai, Y., Zhang, X., & Xie, S. (2014). Operational performance, biomass and microbial community structure: Impacts of backwashing on drinking water biofilter. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 22(1), 546–554. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-014-3393-7

Maeng, M., Choi, E., & Dockko, S. (2015). Reduction of organic matter in drinking water using a hybrid system combined with a rock biofilter and membrane in developing countries. International Biodeterioration and Biodegradation, 102, 223–230. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ibiod.2015.02.005

Nurhidayat, Nirmala, K., & Djokosetyanto, D. (2012). Efektivitas kinerja media biofilter dalam sistem resirkulasi terhadap kualitas air untuk pertumbuhan. Akuakultur, 7(2), 279–292.

Praptiningtyas, I., Iqbal, R., Soewondo, P., Teknik, F., Bandung, I. T., & Bandung, J. G. (n.d.). Efektivitas Penggunaan Serbuk Kayu sebagai Media Biofilter dalam Pengolahan Air Limbah Domestik The Effectivity of Sawdust as A Biofilter Media in Domestic Wastewater Treatment Program Studi Teknik Lingkungan , tumbuh yang lebih baik bagi mikroorganisme s, 1–10.

Said, N. I. (2009). Uji kinerja pengolahan air siap minum dengan proses biofiltrasi, ultrafiltrasi dan reverse osmosis (RO) dengan air baku air sungai. JAI, 5(2), 144–161.

Said, N. I., & Ruliasih. (2005). Tinjauan aspek teknis pemilihan media biofilter untuk pengolahan air limbah. JAI, 1(3).

Santoso, U., Mahreda, E. S., Shadiq, F., & Biyatmiko, D. (2014). Pengolahan limbah cair sasirangan melalui kombinasi metode filtrasi dan fitoremidiasi sistem lahan basah buatan menggunakan tumbuhan air yang berbeda. EnviroScience, 10, 157–170.

Setyorini, I., Sarengat, N., & Kulit, B. B. (2016). Pengolahan Limbah Cair Industri lateks Pekat dengan Berbagai Adsorben Lokal. In Prosiding Seminar Nasional Kulit, Karet dan Plastik Ke-5 (pp. 207–216).

Sopianoor, Yahya, Z., & Biantary, M. P. (2016). Studi rendemen bahan baku log pada IU-IPHHK Rusmandiansnyah di Kecamatan Damai Kabupaten Kutai Barat. Agrifor, XV(Oktober), 289–296.

Sumiyati, S., Purwanto, P., & Sudarno, S. (2018). Decreasing of BOD concentration on artificial domestic wastewater using anaerob biofilter reactor technology. E3S Web of Conferences, 31, 03016. https://doi.org/10.1051/e3sconf/20183103016

Tian, Q., Ong, S. K., Xie, X., Li, F., Zhu, Y., Wang, F. R., & Yang, B. (2016). Enhanced phosphorus recovery and biofilm microbial community changes in an alternating anaerobic/aerobic biofilter. Chemosphere, 144, 1797–1806. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2015.10.072

Wardiha, M. W., & Prihandono, A. (2015). Efektifitas biofilter dengan media kontak batu vulkanik untuk mengolah efluen air limbah domestik pada tangki septik konvensional. Bumi Lestari, 15(Agustus), 125–135.

Wicaksana, S. N., Hastuti, S., & Arini, E. (2015). Performa produksi ikan Lele Dumbo (Clarias gariepinus) yang dipelihara dengan sistem biofilter akuaponik dan konvensional. Journal of Aquaculture Management and Technology, 4(4), 109–116.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.20886/jppdas.2019.3.2.111-126

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2020 Jurnal Penelitian Pengelolaan Daerah Aliran Sungai (Journal of Watershed Management Research)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

 

 

 

Published by:

Cooperation Watershed Management Technology Center (WMTC) with Soil & Water Conservation Society of Indonesia (Masyarakat Konservasi Tanah dan Air Indonesia) or MKTI.

eISSN : 2579-5511,  pISSN : 2579-6097

Secretary:

Watershed Management Technology Center (WMTC)
Jl. Jend A. Yani-Pabelan, Kartasura Po.BOX 295 Surakarta 57102
Phone.(0271) 716709 ; Fax(0271) 716959;
Email : sekred.jppdas@gmail.com

Website : http://dassolo.litbang.menlhk.go.id/

Copyright : Jurnal Penelitian Pengelolaan Daerah Aliran Sungai (Journal of Watershed Management Research)