PENGARUH LUAS PENGGUNAAN LAHAN TERHADAP LAJU EROSI : STUDI PADA BEBERAPA DAS DI WILAYAH TAPAL KUDA JAWA TIMUR (The effect of land use on erosion rate: a study at several watersheds in Tapal Kuda Region, East Java)

Rhoshandhayani Koesiyanto Taslim, Marga Mandala, Indarto Indarto

Abstract


The regencies of Probolinggo, Lumajang, Jember, Bondowoso, Situbondo, and Banyuwangi are located in the Eastern part of East Java and called as Tapal Kuda. These regions are actually on fast development. The development to service human settlement generates land use change from natural into urban or developed areas. The change in land use will generate more runoff, erosion, and sedimentation from the watersheds. This study examined the effect of land use types and their percentage areas on erosion rates. The Universal Soil Loss Equation (USLE) was used to predict the erosion rate. The erosion rate of four land uses, which were forests, paddy fields, plantations and settlements, were calculated and compared. The values of the erosion rate were obtained by the statistical value per pixel in the watershed. Fifteen watersheds in the Tapal Kuda area were used as the samples. The results showed that the relationship (r2) between forests, rice fields, plantations, settlements and the erosion rate: 0.2; 0.2; 0.2 and 0.03, respectively.


Keywords


area percentage; land use; erosion rate; watershed; USLE

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.20886/jppdas.2019.3.2.141-158

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