Benyamin Dendang, Endah Suhaendah


Maruca testulalis is one of pest on leaves of Pongamia pinnata (L.) Pierre. leaf in nursery. The objective of this research was to compare the efficacy of insecticides on larvae population and degrees of damage intensity. The research used complete randomized design with five treatments and three replications. The treatments were control, azadirachtin 5 g/l, Bacillus thuringiensis 1 g/l, klorantraniliprol 1 g/l and monosultap 0.5 ml/l. The results showed that tested insecticides influence on the intensity of M. testulalis. Klorantraniliprol azadirachtin and monosultap insecticides were more effective to control the larvae of M. testulalis when compared to B. thuringiensis.


azadirachtin; Bacillus thuringiensis; intensity; attack; mortality

Full Text:



Abate, T., & Ampofo, J. K. O. (1996). Insect pests of beans in Africa: their ecology and management. Annu. Rev. Entomol, 41, 45–73.

Aldy, W. (2010). Preferensi Penggerek Polong Maruca testulalis (Geyer) (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) Pada Tanaman Kacangan Di Rumah Kassa. Agroekotek, 2(1).

Anggraeni, Y. M., Kristina, B., & Wianto, P. R. (2013). Daya bunuh ekstrak kristalendotoksin Bacillus thuringiensis israelensis (H-14) terhadap jentik Aedesaegypti, Anopheles aconitus dan Culexquinquefasciatus. Jurnal Sain Veteriner, 31(1), 35–42.

Cordova, D., Benner, E. A., Sacher, M. D., Rauh, J. J., Sopa, J. S., Lahm, G. P., … Tao, Y. (2006). Anthranilic diamides: A new class of insecticides with a novel mode of action, ryanodine receptor activation. Pestic Biochem Physiol, 84(3), 196–214. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pestbp.2005.07.005

Djojosumarto, P. (2008). Pestisida dan Aplikasinya. Jakarta: agromedia pustaka.

Febrianasari, R., Tarno, H., & Afandhi, A. (2014). Efektivitas Klorantraniliprol dan Flubendiamid Pada Ulat Bawang Merah (Spodoptera exigua Hubner) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Jurnal HPT, 2(4), 103–109.

Hofte, H., & Whiteley, H. R. (1989). Insecticidal crystal proteins of Bacillus thuringiensis. Microbiol.Rev, 53, 42–255.

Indiati, S. W. (2007). Pengendalian Hama Penggerrek Polong Pada Pertanaman Kacang Hijau. Jurnal Penelitian Dan Informasi Pertanian “Agrin,” 11(2), 138–147. Retrieved from http://jurnalagrin.net/index.php/agrin/article/viewFile/73/57

Jackai, L. E. N. (1995). Integrated pest management of borers of cowpea and beans. Insect Sci. Applic., 16, 237–250.

James, C. (2000). Global status of commercialized transgenic crops:2000 (No. 21). Iithaca, New York, USA.

Liao, C. T., & Lin, C. D. (2000). Occurrence of the legume pod borer, Maruca testulalis Greyeer (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) on cowpea (Vigna anguiculata Walp) and its insecticides application. Trial. Plant Prot. Bull, 42, 213–222.

Mordue, A. J., & Blackwell, A. (1993). Azadirachtin: An Up-date. Journal Insect Physiol, 39, 903–924.

Mordue, A. J., Simmonds, M. S. J., Ley, S. V., Blaney, W. M., Mordue.W., Nasiruddin, M., & Nisbet, A. J. (1998). Actions of azadirachtin, a plant allelochemical, against insects. Pestic. Sci, 54, 277–284.

Mordue, A. J., & Nisbet, A. J. (2000). Azadirachtin from the Neem Tree Azadirachta indica: its Action Against Insec. An. Soc. Entomol. Brazil, 29(4). https://doi.org/10.1590/S0301-80592000000400001

Owuor, J. B., & Ochieng, R. S. (1981). Studies on the legume pod-borer Maruca testulalis (Geyer).Life Cycle and Behaviour. International Journal of Tropical Insect Science, 1, 263–268.

Perry, A. S., Yamamoto, I., Ishaaya, I., & Perry, R. Y. (1998). Insecticides in Agriculture and Environment: Retrospects and Prospects. New York (US): Springer-Verlag.

Samsudin. (2011). Biosintesa dan Cara Kerja Azadirachtin Sebagai Bahan Aktif Insektisida Nabati. In Seminar Pesnab IV, 15 Oktober 2011. Jakarta, Indonesia: Balai Penelitian Tanaman Rempah dan Aneka Tanaman Industri (BALITRI).

Sangwan, S., Rao, D. V., & Sharma, R. A. (2010). A Review on Pongamia Pinnata (L.) Pierre: A great versatile leguminous plant. Nature and Sci, 8(11), 130–139. Retrieved from http://www.sciencepub.net/nature/ns0811/

Saragih, E. S., Pangestiningsih, Y., & Lisnawita. (2015). Uji Efektifitas Insektisida Biologi Terhadap Hama Penggerek Polong (Maruca testulalis Geyer.) (Lepidoptera; pyralidae) Pada Tanaman Kacang Panjang di Lapangan. Jurnal Online Agroekoteknologi, 3(4), 1468–1477. Retrieved from https://jurnal.usu.ac.id/index.php/agroekoteknologi/article/view/11798/5138

Shanower, T. G., Romeis, J., & Minja, E. M. (1999). Insect pests of pigeonpea and their management. Annu. Rev.Entomol, 44, 77–96.

Utami, S., & Haneda, N. F. (2012). Bioaktivitas ekstrak umbi gadung dan minyak nyamplung sebagai pengendali hama ulat kantong (Pteroma plagiophleps Hampson). Jurnal Penelitian Hutan Tanaman, 9, 209–218.

Walter, J. F. (1999). Commercial Experience with Neem Products. Totowa, New Jersey: Humana Press.

Wang, X., & Wu, Y. (2012). High levels of resistance to chlorantraniliprole evolved in field populations of Plutella xylostella. J.Econ Entomol, 105(3), 10–19.

Zhang, P., Gao, M., Mu, W., Zhou, C., & LI, X.-H. (2014). Resistant levels of Spodoptera exigua to eight various insecticides in Shandong, China. Journal of Pesticida Science, 39(1), 7–13. https://doi.org/10.1584/jpestics.D13-053.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.20886/jpth.2017.11.2.123-130


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2019 Jurnal Pemuliaan Tanaman Hutan

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Jurnal Pemuliaan Tanaman Hutan Indexed By:


Copyright of Jurnal Pemuliaan Tanaman Hutan (JPTH)

eISSN : 2527-8665   pISSN : 1693-7147