The Effect of Three Spacing and Goat Urine Application on Early Growth of Manglid

Aditya Hani

Abstract


The productivity of manglid (Magnolia champaca (L.) Baill. Ex Pierre) as the prominent plant commodity in West Java, can be improved by environmental manipulation such as spacing and fertilization. The objective of this research is to identify the effect of plant spacing and the use of goat urine as the leaves fertilizer on manglid planting until 19 month old. We used Randomized Block with Split Plot Design using three times replication. Main factor to be considered is the plant spacing with three different space :3  x 3 m (J1) ; 2  x 3 m (J2) and 2  x 2 m (J), while the secondary factor is three different doses of goat urine given : control (P1), 240 ml (P2), and 480  ml(P3. The results showed that the best treatment of planting manglid were treatment spacing of 2 x 2 m with goat urine fertilizer application as much as 240 ml per plant that produces high 191,5 cm and 3.83 cm of diameter up to the age of 19 months.


Keywords


Keyword: manglid (Magnolia champaca (L.) Baill. Ex Pierre), tree spacing, goat urine

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abdullah, L, Budie, D. D. S., & Lubis, D. (2011). Pengaruh aplikasi urin kambing dan pupuk cair organik komersial terhadap beberapa parameter agronomi pada tanaman pakan Indigofera Sp. Pastura, 1, 5-8.

Aisyah, S., Sunarlim, N., & Solfan, B. (2011). Pengaruh urine sapi terfermentasi dengan dosis dan interval pemberian yang berbeda terhadap pertumbuhan tanaman sawi (Brassica juncea L.). Jurnal Agroteknologi, 2(1), 1-5.

Alcorn, P. J., Pyttel P., Bauhus J., Smith, R. G. B.; Thomas,. D.; James, R.; Nicotra, A. (2007). Effects of initial planting density on branch development in 4-year-old plantation grown Eucalyptus pilularis and Eucalyptus cloeziana trees. Forest Ecology and Management, 252, 41-51.

Anonim. (2013). Kotoran kambing - domba pun bernilai ekonomis. Pustaka Litbang Deptan. http://pustaka.litbang.deptan.go.id/publikasi/wr255039.pdf. Tanggal akses 29 Agustus 2013.

BP4K. (2011). Program Panumbangan 2012. BP4K Kabupaten Ciamis. Ciamis.

BPKH Wilayah XI Jawa-Madura & MFP Program. (2009). Strategi pengembangan pengelolaan dan arahan kebijakan hutan rakyat di Pulau Jawa. Balai Pemantapan Kawasan Hutan Wilayah XI Jawa –Madura-Multistakholder Forestry Programme. Yogyakarta.

Cardoso, D. J., Lacerda, A. E. B., Rosot, M. A. D., Garrastazu, M. C., & Lima, R. T. (2013). Influence of spacing regimes on the development of loblolly pine (Pinus taeda L.) in Southern Brazil. Forest Ecology and Management, 310, 761–769.

Dad Resiworo, J. S. (1992). Pengendalian gulma dengan pengaturan jarak tanam dan cara penyiangan pada pertanaman kedelai. Prosiding Konferensi Himpunan Ilmu Gulma

Diniyati, D., Suyarno, Kuswantoro, D. P., Fauziah E., Sulistyawati, T., & Mulyaningsih, E.. (2005). Teknik Perbanyakan Tanaman Manglid (Manglieta glauca Bl.) Dengan Biji. Loka Penelitian dan Pengembangan Hutan Monsoon. Ciamis.

Hairiah, K, Widianto, Utami, S. R., Suprayogo, D., Sunaryo, S., Sitempul, M. B., Lusiana, Mulia, R., Noordwijk, M. V. & Cadish,G. (2000). Pengelolaan Tanah Masam Secara Biologi: Refleksi Pengelaman dari Lampung Utara. Jakarta: SMT Grafika Des Putera.

Hardjowigeno, S. (2003). Ilmu Tanah. Akadmika Pressindo. Jakarta 286 p.

Harrison, R. B., Reis G. G., Reis M. D. G. F., Bernado A. L., & Firme D. J. (2000). Effect of spacing and age on nitrogen and phosphorus distribution in biomass of Eucalyptus camaldulensis, Eucalyptus pellita and Eucalyptus urophylla plantations in southeastern Brazil. Forest Ecology and Management, 133 (3), 167-177.

Kerr, G. (2003). Effect of spacing on the early growth of planted Frainus excelsior L. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 33 (7), 1196-1207.

Lasserre, J. P., Masson E. G., Watt M. S., & Moore J. R. (2009). Forest Ecology and Management, 258, 1924-1931.

Lingga P. (1986). Petunjuk Penggunaan Pupuk. Cetakan I. Jakarta: Penebar Swadaya.

Litbang Deptan. (2008). Membuat pupuk cair bermutu dari limbah kambing. Warta Penelitian dan Pengembangan Pertanian, 30 (6).

Lyimo, H. J. F., Pratt, R. C., & Mnyuku, R. S. O. W. (2012). Composted cattle and poultry manures provide excellent fertility and improved management of gray leaf spot in maize. Field Crop Research,125, 97-103.

Pancapagala, W. (2011). Pengaruh rasio penggunaan limbah ternak dan hijauan terhadap kualitas pupuk cair. Gamma, 7 (1), 61-68.

Rahmi, A. & Jumiat. (2007). Pengaruh konsentrasi dan waktu penyemprotan pupuk organik cair Super Acl terhadap pertumbuhan dan hasil jagung manis. Agritrop, 26 (3), 105-109.

Roidah, I. S. (2013). Manfaat penggunaan pupuk organik untuk kesuburan tanah. Jurnal BONOROWO, 1(1), 30-43.

Rosliani, R., Hilman, Y. & Sumarni, N. (2006). Pemupukan fosfat alam, pupuk kandang domba dan inokulasi Cendawan Mikoriza Arbuskula terhadap pertumbuhan dan hasil tanaman mentimun pada tanah masam. 16 (1): 21-30.

Schonau, A. P., & Coetzee, J. (1989). Initial spacing, stand density and thinning in eucalyptus plantation. Forest Ecology and Management, 29 (4), 245-266.

Shand, C. A., Williams, B. L., Dawson, L. A., Smith, S., & Young, M. E. (2002). Sheep urine effect soil solution nutrient composition and roots: differences between field and sward box soils and the effect of synthetic and natural sheep urine. Soil Biologi and Biochemistry, 34, 163-171.

Shujauddin, N. & Kumar, B. M. (2003). Ailanthus triphysa at different densities and fertiliser regimes in Kerala, India: growth, yield, nutrient use efficiency and nutrient export through harvest. Forest Ecology and Management, 180(1-3), 135-151.

Smith, R. G. B., Glencross, K., Nichols, J. D., Palmer, G., & Viranamangga, R. (2016). Effect of initial spacing on first thinning product recovery, and financial outcomes in whitewood (Endospermum medullosum) plantations in Vanuatu. Small-scale Forestry, 15(1), 45-59.

Sudomo, A. & Mindawati, N. (2011). Pertumbuhan manglid (Manglieta glauca Bl.) pada tiga jarak tanam dan tiga jenis pupuk di Tasikmalaya Jawa Barat. Tekno Hutan Tanaman, 4, 111-118.

Sudomo, A. (2009). Pengaruh naungan terhadap pertumbuhan dan mutu bibit manglid (Manglieta glauca BL.). Tekno Hutan Tanaman, 2(2), 59-66.

Suwito, W., Wahyuni, A. E. T. H., Nugroho, W. S., Sumiarto, B., & Bektil, U. B. (2013). Isolasi dan identifikasi bakteri dari Pupuk Organik Cair (POC) urin kambing Peranakan Ettawah (PE) di Kabupaten Sleman. Jurnal Sains Veteriner, 31(2), 151-155.

Wijaya, K. A. (2008). Nutrisi Tanaman Sebagai Penentu Kualitas Hasil dan Resistensi Alami Tanaman. Prestasi Pustaka. Jakarta.

Wiyono, D. B., Affandhy, L., & Rasyid, A. (2014). Integrasi ternak dengan perkebunan kelapa sawit. JITV, 19(3), 147 – 155.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.20886/jwas.v3i2.1879

Published by :
Environment and Forestry Research and Development Institute of Manado
Address   Jalan Raya Adipura, Kelurahan Kima Atas, Keamatan. Mapanget       Manado 95259 Sulawesi Utara, Indonesia
Phone     : (0431) 7242949
Web        : http://www.balithut-manado.org 

Email     : publikasi.bpkmdo@yahoo.com 

Copyright © 2015 | Jurnal Wasian, Balai Penelitian dan Pengembangan Lingkungan Hidup dan Kehutanan (BPPLHK) Manado (e-ISSN 2502-5198, p-ISSN 2355-9969).

 

View My Stats