Fitri Nurfatriani, Dudung Darusman, Dodik Ridho Nurrochmat, Ahmad Erani Yustika


The current fiscal policy in the forestry sector is still dominated by the management of timber extraction as a basic for sharing forestry revenues from central to local government. Therefore, it requires some shift towards green fiscal policies which positioning the overall benefitsof forests. In order to prepareon green fiscal policyframework, it is required the analysisof stakeholders involved in the formulation of green fiscal policy. The objectives of the research are to identify, categorize and investigate the relationship among the involved stakeholders at national and sub-national levels, and then to formulate green fiscal policy by using stakeholders analysis method. The analysis results show that there are 18 involved stakeholders consistsof five key stakeholders, seven primary stakeholders and six secondary stakeholders. Based on the categoryof stakeholders involved in the formulation of green fiscal policy as key players, context setters, subjects and crowds, it is realized the great need for strategies to optimize stakeholders management by enhancing colaboration and cooperation between the subjects and the key players. This will be better achieved by increasing effective cooperation and collaboration between central and localgovernmentsin implementingthecurrent fiscal policyon forestry.


Green fiscal; forestry fiscal policy; stakeholder; policy.

Full Text:



Barr, C., Resosudarmo, I.A.P., Dermawan, A., McCarthy, J., Moeliono, M., & Setiono, B. (2006). Decentralization of forest administration in Indonesia - Implications for forest sustainability, economic development and community livelihood. Bogor (ID): Centre for International Research.

Birkland, T.A. (2001). An introduction to the policy process. Theories, concepts, and models of public policy making. NewYork: M.E. Sharpe.

Bryson, J.M. (2004). What to do when pemangku kepentingans matter: Pemangku kepentingan identification and analysis techniques. Public ManagementReview, 6, 21-53.

Chaturvedi, A., Saluja, M.S., Banerjee, A., & Arora, R. (2014). Environmental fiscal reforms. IIMB Management Review, 26(3), 193- 205.

Cooper, P.J., & Vargas, C.M. (2004). Impelementing sustainable development. From global policy to local action. Marryland: Rowman and Littlefield PublishersInc.

Dinas Kehutanan dan Perkebunan Tanjabtim. (2012). Kegiatan Dinas Kehutanan dan Perkebunan Tanjung Jabung Timur tahun 2012. Tanjung Jabung Timur: Dinas Kehutanan dan Perkebunan Tanjung JabungTimur.

Dunn, W.N. (2003). Pengantar analisis kebijakan publik (Edisi kedua). (S. Wibawa, D. Asitadani, A.H. Hadna, E.A. Purwanto, penerjemah). Darwin, M. (Ed.). Yogyakarta (ID): Gajahmada University Press.

Eden, C., & Ackermann, F. (1998). Making strategy: the journey of strategic management. London: Sage Publications.

Ekawati, S., Kartodihardjo,H., Nurrochmat, D.R., Hardjanto, & Dwiprabowo, H. (2012). Analisis diskursus dan implikasinya bagi perbaikan kebijakan. Bogor: Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Perubahan Iklim dan Kebijakan.

Friedman, A.L. & Miles, S. (2006). Stakeholders theory and practices. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Giddings, B., Hopwood, B., & O'Brien, G. (2002). Environment, economy and society: fitting them together into sustainable development. Sustainable Development, 10, 187-196.

Grimble, R. (1998). Stakeholder methodologies in natural resource management. Chatam, UK: Natural Resource Institute.

Hermans, L.M., & Thissen, W.A.H. (2009). Actor analysis methods and their use for public policy analysts. European Journal of Operational Research, 196, 808-818.

Hero, Y. (2012). Peran kelembagaan dalam proses pembuatan kebijakan pengelolaan Hutan Pendidikan Gunung Walat berdasarkan pendekatan diskursus dan sejarah. (Disertasi). Institut Pertanian Bogor,Bogor.

Keraf, A.S. 2010. Etika lingkungan hidup. Jakarta (ID): PT.Kompas MediaNusantara.

Lienert, J., Schnetzer, F., & Ingold, K. (2013). Stakeholder analysis combined with social network analysis provinsiides finegrained insights into water infrastructure planning processes. Journal of Environmental Management, 125, 134-148.

Mulyaningrum. (2013). Tinjauan kritis kebijakan legalitas kayu di hutan rakyat (kasus di Kabupaten Lampung Tengah Provinsi Lampung, Konawe Selatan Provinsi Sulawesi Tenggara, Buleleng Provinsi Bali dan Kulon progo Provinsi DI Yogyakarta). (Disertasi).Institut PertanianBogor,Bogor.

Muttaqin, M.Z. (2012). Designing payments for environmental services (PES) toreduce emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD+) in Indonesia. (Disertasi). TheAustralianNa-tional University.

Nurrochmat, D.R. (2005). The impacts of regional autonomy on political dynamics, socioeconomics and forest degradation: case of Jambi, Indonesia. (Disertasi). University of Goettingen, Goettingen. Nurrochmat, D.R., Solihin, I., Ekayani, M., & Hadianto, A. (2010). Neraca pembangunan hijaukonsep dan implikasi bisnis karbon dan tata air di sektor kehutanan. Bogor:IPB Press.

Overseas Development Administration. (1995). Guidance note on how to do stakeholder analysis of aid projects and programmes. Bonn: Social Development Departement, Overseas Development Administration. Diunduh 23 Desember 2012 dari http://www.euforic. org/gb/stake1.htm#intro.

Peraturan Daerah Kabupaten Tanjung Jabung Timur No. 19 tahun 2003 tentang Organisasi Dinas Kehutanan dan Perkebunan KabupatenTanjung JabungTimur.

Peraturan Daerah Provinsi Jambi No. 14 tahun 2008 tentang Organisasi dan Tata Kerja Dinas Daerah Provinsi Jambi.

Peraturan Menteri Kehutanan No. P.40 tahun 2010 tentang Organisasi dan Tata Kerja Kementerian Kehutanan.

Peraturan Pemerintah No. 38 tahun 2007 tentang Kewenangan Pemerintah Pusat dan Daerah.

Peraturan Pemerintah No. 59 tahun 1998 tentang Jenis dan Tarif PNBP dari Kementerian Kehutanan.

Reed, S.M., Graves, A., Dandy, N., Posthumus, H., Huback, K., Morris, J., &, Stringer, L.C. (2009). Who's in and why? A typology of stakeholder analysis methods for natural resources management. Journal of Environmental Management, 90, 1933-1949.

Scholtens, B. (2001). Borrowing green: economic and environmental effects of green fiscal policy in the Netherlands. Journal Ecological Economics, 39, 425-435.

Suparmoko, M. & Suparmoko, M.R. (2000). Ekonomika lingkungan. Yogyakarta (ID): BPFE.

Undang-undang No. 33 Tahun 2004 tentang Perimbangan Keuangan antara Pemerintah Pusat dan Daerah.

Wisuandini, S. (2009). Transfer daerah dalam rangka pelaksanaan desentralisasi fiskal di indonesia (suatu studi terhadap dana bagi hasil sumber daya alam kehutanan). (Skripsi). Universitas Indonesia, Depok.


Copyright (c) 2015 Jurnal Analisis Kebijakan Kehutanan