Desmiwati Desmiwati, Yoppie Christian, Adi Widyanto, Andriansyah Andriansyah


Western Java’s upland is a sanctuary of importants biodiversity in Indonesia for avifaunas, primates and mammals. Particularly for avifaunas, the upland becomes the last sanctuary after the disturbance and distraction by anthropogenic activities. This kind of situation raises needs to expand conservation site as an effort to protect  the biodiversities. This research aims to find opportunities through the lens of actors. This research uses Collaboration/ Conflict, Legitimacy, Interest and Power (CLIP) frameworks to identifiy responses, positions ,and inter-actor relations if expansion of conservation site is initiated based on the Important Birds and Diversity Areas (IBAs). The result shows that out of five clusters of research sites, the Important Bird and Diversity Areas of Southern Bandung has some indicators which enable collaboration in the expansion. From the actor perspectives, there are five existing preconditions to support the implementation for expansion, namely availability of landscape, willingness of the right holders, opportunities for sharing management, concordance with provincial spatial plan, and low conflict potentials. To implement the expansion, participatory multistakeholders mapping on selected areas need to be conducted and action plan for integrated landcape management should be implemented


Conservation;actor; Important Bird and Diversity Areas;western Java’s upland; stakeholder.


Alexandrino, E., Buechley, E., Piratelli, A., Ferraz, K. M. P. M., Moral, R. d., Sekercioglu, C., ..., & Couto, H. T. de. (2016). Bird sensitivity to disturbance as an indicator of forest patch conditions: an issue in environmental assessments. Ecological Indicators, 66, 269– 381.

Balen, S. Van, Nijman, V., & Sozer, R. (1999). Distribution and conservation of the javan hawk-eagle Spizaetus bartelsi. Bird Conservation International, 9, 333–349.

BAPPENAS. (2019). Rancangan Teknokratik Rencana Pembangunan Jangka Menengah Nasional 2020-2040. Jakarta: BAPPENAS.

BNPB. (2016). Risiko bencana Indonesia. Jakarta: BNPB.

BirdLife International. (2014). Important bird and biodiversity areas: a global network for conserving nature and benefiting people. Cambridge: BirdLife International.

BirdLife International. (2018). State of the world’s birds: taking the pulse of the planet. Cambridge: BirdLife International.

BirdLife International. (2020). Country profile: Indonesia. Diakses dari

Burung Indonesia. (2019). Peta project area of western Java upland. Burung Indonesia, Rainforest Trust, and Manchester Metropolitan University.

BPS. (2018a). Badan Pusat Statistik Provinsi Jabar. Diakses dari statictable/2018/04/03/545/luas-kawasanhutan-di-provinsi-jawa-barat-hektar-2016. Html

BPS. (2018b). Luas penggunaan lahan dan luas kawasan hutan menurut kabupaten/kota di Jawa Tengah 2016 (ha). Jakarta: BPS.

[CBD] Convention on Biological Diversity. (2018). Protected areas and other effective area-based conservation measures. Subsidiary Body on Scientific Technical and Technological Advice 22 meeting, Montreal, Canada 2-7 July 2018.

Chang, S. C. & Eaton, J. (2016). In the market for extinction: eastern and Central Java. Selangor:TRAFFIC.

Chevalier, Buckles, J., & Daniel, J. (2008). A guide to collaborative inquiry and social engagement. Ottawa: International Development Research Center and SAGE Publication.

Chevalier, J. M. & Buckles, D. J. (2019). Handbook for paticipatory action research, planning and evaluation (March 2019). SAS2 Dialogue.

Corrigan, C.& Granziera, A. (2010). A handbook for the indigenous and community conserved areas registry. Nairobi:UNEP-WCMC.

Denier, L., Scherr, S., Shames, S., Chatterton, P., Hovani, L., & Stam, N. (2015). The little sustainable landscapes book. Oxford: Global Canopy Programme.

Ekawati, S., Budiningsih, K., Sylviani, Suryandari, E., & Hakim, I. (2015). Kajian tinjauan kritis pengelolaan hutan di Pulau Jawa. PolicyBrief, 9(1).

Fauziah, E., Diniyati, D. T.S. W., & Firdaus, N. (2014). Pemetaan stakeholder dalam pengelolaan hutan rakyat di Kabupaten Ciamis, Jawa Barat. Jurnal Penelitian Agroforestry, 2(2), 75–84.

Grimble, R. & Wellard, K. (1997). Stakeholder methodologies in natural resource management: a review of principles, context, experiences and opportunities. Agricultural Systems, 55(2), 173–193.

Gunawan, H., Prasetyo, L. B., Mardiastuti, A., & Kartono, A. (2009). Habitat macan tutul jawa (Panthera pardus melas Cuvier 1809) di lanskap hutan produksi yang terfragmentasi. Jurnal Penelitian Hutan dan Konservasi, 6(2), 95–114.

Harada, K. (2003). Attitudes of local people towards conservation and Gunung Halimun National Park in West Java, Indonesia. Journal of Forest Research, 8(4). s10310-003-0037z.

Higginbottom, T., Collar, N., Symeonakis, E., & Marsden, S.(2019). Deforestation dynamics in an endemic-rich mountain system: conservation successes and challenges in West Java 1990-2015. Biological Conservation, 229, 152–159.

Hoopenrreijs, J. H. & Lith, B. van. (2016). A new recipe for ecological conservation in West Java: mixing historical ingredients: land use maps and bird observations. Nijmegen: Department of Environmental Science, Faculty of Science, Radboud University Nijmegen, the Netherlands.

IUCN. (2016). A global standard for the identification of key biodiversity areas (Version 1.0). Gland: IUCN.

IUCN-WCPA (2018). Developing capacity for a protected planet. PARKS. The International Journal of Protected Areas and Conservation, 24, Special Issue. Gland, Switzerland: IUCN. doi: 10.2305/IUCN.CH.2018.PARKS-24-SI. En

IUCN-WCPA Task Force on OECMs. (2019). Recognising and reporting other effective area-based conservation measures. Gland, Switzerland: IUCN.

Kementerian Kehutanan & Kementerian Kelautan dan Perikanan. (2010). Analisis kesenjangan keterwakilan ekologis dan kesenjangan pengelolaan kawasan konservasi di Indonesia. Jakarta: Kementerian Kehutanan dan Kementerian Kelautan dan Perikanan bekerjasama dengan Burung Indonesia, Conservation International, Fauna and Flora Indonesia, Forest Watch Indonesia. The Nature Conservancy, Wetland International, Wildlife Conservation Societ.

KSDAE (2018). Perlindungan kawasan ekosistem esensial. Jakarta: BPEE-KSDAE KLHK.

Lafoley, D., Dudley, N., Jonas, N., Kinnon, D. Mac, Hocking, M., & Woodley, S. (2017). An Introduction to “other effective area-based conservation measure” under Aichi Target 11 of the Convention on Biological Diversity: origin, interpretation and emerging ocean issues. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystem, 27(1).

Lambert, F. & Collar, N. (2002). The future for Sundaic lowland forest birds: long term effect of commercial logging and fragmentation. Forktail, 18, 127–146.

Marina, I. & Dharmawan, A. (2011). Analisis konflik sumberdaya hutan di kawasan konservasi. Sodality: Jurnal Transdisiplin Sosiologi, Komunikasi, dan Ekologi Manusia, 5(1).

MoEF. (2018). The state of Indonesia’s forest 2018. Jakarta: Ministry of Environment and Forestry Republic of Indonesia.

Nijman, V. (2001). Spatial and temporal variation in migrant raptors on Java, Indonesia. Emu, 101(3), 259–263. org/10.1071/MU00022.

Nimwegen, P. (2016). Improving Indonesian protected area management within an integrated landscape approach. (Technical Report). Diakses dari 10.13140/ RG.2.2.36393.90724.

Potschin, M. & Hines-Young, R. (2013). Landscapes, sustainability and the place-based analysis of ecosystem services. Landscape Ecology, 28, 1053–1065.

PPID KLHK. (2018). Indonesia dukung peningkatan 30% tutupan hutan di tahun 2030. Diakses dari

Puspitojati, T., Darusman, D., Tarumingkeng, R.C., &Purnama, B. (2012). Preferensi pemangku kepentingan dalam pengelolaanhutan produksi: studi kasus di Kesatuan Pemangkuan Hutan Bogor. Jurnal Analisis Kebijakan Kehutanan, 9(2), 96–133. 122

Rombang, W. M. & Rudyanto. (1999). Daerah penting bagi burung di Jawa dan Bali. Bogor: PKA/ BirdLife International Indonesia Programme.

Shah, P. & Baylis, K. (2015). Evaluating heterogeneous conservation effects of forest protection in Indonesia. PLoS ONE, 10(6): e0124872. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0124872.

Sayer, J., Sunderland, T., Ghazouli, J., Pfund, J.-L., Sheil, D., Meijaard, E., ..., & Oosten, C. van. (2013). Ten principles for a landscape approach to reconciling agriculture, conservation, and other competing land uses. PNAS, 110(21), 8349–8356.

Schusser, C., Krott, M., Movuh, M. C. Y., Logmani,J., Devkota, R. R., Maryudi, A., & Salla, M. (2016). Comparing community forestry actors in Cameroon, Indonesia, Namibia, Nepal and Germany. Forest Policy and Economics, 68, 81–87.

Sontono, D., Widiana, A., & Sukmaningrasa, S. (2016). Aktivitas harian lutung jawa (Trachypithecus auratus sondaicus) di kawasan Taman Buru Masigit Kareumbi Jawa Barat. Jurnal Biodjati, 1(1), 39–47.

Syahadat, E., Suryandari, E., & Kurniawan, A. (2019). Kajian strategi penataan ruang wilayah pada kawasan hutan. Jurnal Analisis Kebijakan Kehutanan, 16(2), 89–104.

Tobias, A., Sekercioglu, C., & Vargas, F. (2013). Key topics. InD. Macdonald & K. Wilis (eds.), Conservation Biology 2. John Wiley and Son Ltd.

UNEP-WCMC, IUCN, & NGS. (2018). Protected planet report. Cambridge, UK; Gland, Switzerland; Washington, D.C., USA: UNEPWCMC, IUCN and NGS.

Waliczky, Z., Fishpool, L. D. C., Butchart, S. H. M., Thomas, D., Heath, M. F., Hazin, C., ..., & Allinson, T. S. (n.d.). Important Bird and Diversity Areas (IBAs): their impact on conservation policy, advocacy and action. Bird Conservation International. 10.1017/S0959270918000175.

Watson, J.E.M., Dudley, N., Segan, D.B., & Hockings, M. (2014). The performance and potential of protected areas. Nature, 515, 67-73. doi:10.1038/nature13947

WEPA. (1999). WEPA outlook on water environmental management in Asia 2018. Tokyo: Ministry of the Environment.

Wu, W., Penabaz-Wiley, S. M., Njeru, A. M., & Kinoshita, I. (2015). Models and approaches for integrating protected areas with their surroundings: a review of the literature. Sustainability, 7, 8151–8177. doi:10.3390/su7078151


Copyright (c) 2020 Jurnal Analisis Kebijakan Kehutanan

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.