Edwin Martin, Bondan Winarno


The main role of urban forest is to provide environmental services. Unfortunately, many cities in developing countries recently face challenges in expanding urban forest. One of the challenges is to synchronize population increment by integrating urban forest into city planning and development. Studies in developed countries showed that population density is an opportunity for developing urban forest. The aim of this research is to obtain knowledge about the role of demographic factor in relation to the development of urban forest. Micro and macro approach are used in this research. Macro approach compares the performance of urban forest among cities with different demography, while the micro approach finds out the different performance of urban forest among regions with different density of population in one city. The result indicates that population density contributes to inhibit and to support the development of urban forest. This population density, as demographic factor, should be considered in calculating the minimal area of urban forest needed in a city.


Demographic factor; urban forest; policy.

Full Text:



Akbari, H., Pomerantz, M., & Taha, H. (2001). Cool surfaces and shade trees to reduce energy use and improve air quality in urban areas. Solar Energy, 70, 295-310.

Biao, Z., Wenhua, L., Gaodi, X., & Yu, X. (2010). Water conservation of forest ecosystem in Beijing and its value. Ecological Economic, 69, 1416-1426.

Dobbs, C., Escobedo, F.J., & Zipperer, W.C. (2011). A framework for developing urban forest ecosystem services and goods indicators. Landscape and Urban Planning, 99, 196-206.

Dwyer, J.F., McPherson, E.G., Schroeder, H.W., & Rowntree, R.A. (1992). Assesing the benefits and costs of the urban forest. Journal of Arboriculture, 18, 227-234.

Greene, C.S., Millward, A.A., & Ceh, B. (2011). Who is likely to plant a tree? The use of public socio-demographic data to characterize client participants in a private urban forestation program. Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, 10, 29-38.

Joga, N., & Ismaun, I. (2011). RTH 30% ! Resolusi kota hijau. Jakarta: PT. Gramedia Pustaka Utama.

Kuchelmeister, G. (2000). Trees for the urban millenium: urban forestry update. Unasylva, vol 51, 49-55.

Kuhns, M.R., Reiter, D.K., & Lee, B. (2005). Characteristics of urban forestry program in Utah, US. Journal of Arboriculture, 31, 285-295.

Lafortezza, R., Carrus, G., Sanesi, G., & Davies, C. (2009). Benefits and well-being perceived by people visiting green spaces in periods of heat stress. Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, 8, 97-108.

Miller, R.W. (1996). Urban forestry: Planning and managing urban greenspaces, (2nd ed). Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall.

Nowak, D.J., Crane, D.E., & Stevens, J.C. (2006). Air pollution removal by urban trees and shrubs in the United States. Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, 4, 115 123.

Rines, D., Kane, B., Kittredge, D.B., Ryan, H.D.P., & Butler, B. (2011). Measuring urban forestry performance and demographic associations in Masschusetts, USA. Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, 10, 113-118.

Schwab, J.C. (Ed.). (2009). Planning the urban forest: Ecology, economy, and community development. Chicago, IL: American Planning Association.

Singh, V.S., Vandey, D.N., & Chaudhry, P. (2010). Urban forests and open green spaces: Lesson for Jaipur, Rajashtan, India. RSPCB Occasional Paper No. 1/2010. Retrieved from bitstream/handle/10535/5458/ Working%20Paper.pdf?sequence=1.

Summit, J., & McPherson, E.G. (1998). Residential tree planting and care : a study of attitudes and behavior in Sacramento, California. Journal of Arboriculture, 24, 8986.

Tyrvainen, L., Silvennoinen, H., & Kolehmainen, O. (2003). Ecological and aesthetic values in urban forest management. Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, Vol. 1 Issue 3, 135-149.

Tyrvainen, L., Pauleit, S., Seeland, K., & De Vries, S. (2005). Benefit and uses of urban forests and trees. In C.C. Konijnendijk, K. Nilsson, T. Randrup, & J. Schipperijn (Eds.), Urban forests and Trees: a reference book (pp. 81-114). Berlin Heidelberg: Springer.

Wikipedia. (2013). Urban Forest. Retrieved from urban_forest.


Copyright (c) 2015 Jurnal Analisis Kebijakan Kehutanan