POTENSI PENCEMARAN PERSISTENT ORGANIC POLLUTANTS DI DAERAH ALIRAN SUNGAI CILIWUNG

Dewi Ratnaningsih, Yunesfi Syofyan, Yuriska Andiri, Sri Endah Kartiningsih

Abstract


Indonesia telah meratifikasi Konvensi Stockhom dalam upaya perlindungan terhadap bahaya bahan kimia Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs). Sebagai tindak lanjut ratifikasi, Indonesia telah menyusun National Implementation Plan (NIP) dalam implementasi pengurangan dan penghapusan POPs. Pelaksanaan NIP membutuhkan informasi keberadaan POPs. Tujuan studi ini adalah untuk mengetahui tingkat pencemaran POPs di Daerah Aliran Sungai (DAS) Ciliwung sebagai salah satu sungai prioritas nasional. Pengambilan sampel dilakukan di enam lokasi DAS Ciliwung yang berada di kawasan Bogor dan Jakarta. Jenis sampel yang diambil meliputi air sungai, sedimen sungai, dan tanah di sekitar bantaran sungai dengan parameter uji organochlorines (OCs) yang sebagian besar masuk dalam kelompok POPs. POPs diekstraksi dengan pelarut organik dan dianalisis menggunakan instrument GCMS. Hasil analisis menunjukkan bahwa POPs di air sungai hanya terdeteksi untuk kelompok DDTs, kelompok HCHs, dan HCB dengan konsentrasi jauh lebih rendah dibandingkan di sedimen sungai dan tanah.  Pada sedimen sungai dan tanah terdeteksi POPs dengan jenis yang lebih bervariasi dan konsentrasi yang jauh lebih tinggi dibandingkan di air sungai. POPs masih terdeteksi di lingkungan meskipun telah dilarang penggunaanya. Oleh karena itu perlu menjadi evaluasi lebih lanjut apakah residu POPs tersebut merupakan sisa penggunaan waktu lampau yang masih bertahan karena sifat persistensinya atau ada indikasi lepasan baru.

Keywords


Persistent organic pollutant; organochlorines; Konvensi Stockholm; National Implementation Plan; GCMS.orines; Konvensi Stockholm, National Implementation Plan; GCMS

References


K. Pozo et al., “Atmospheric Pollution Research Survey of persistent organic pollutants ( POPs ) and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons ( PAHs ) in the atmosphere of rural , urban and industrial areas of Concepci ɟ n , Chile , using passive air samplers,” Atmos. Pollut. Res., vol. 3, no. 4, pp. 426–434, 2012, doi: 10.5094/APR.2012.049.

A. Schecter et al., “Perfluorinated compounds, polychlorinated biphenyls, and organochlorine pesticide contamination in composite food samples from Dallas, Texas, USA,” Environ. Health Perspect., vol. 118, no. 6, pp. 796–802, 2010, doi: 10.1289/ehp.0901347.

W. Tsai, “Current Status and Regulatory Aspects of Pesticides Considered to be Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs) in Taiwan,” pp. 3615–3627, 2010, doi: 10.3390/ijerph7103615.

T. Teran, L. Lamon, and A. Marcomini, “Climate change effects on POPs ’ environmental behaviour : a scientific perspective for future regulatory actions,” Atmos. Pollut. Res., vol. 3, no. 4, pp. 466–476, 2012, doi: 10.5094/APR.2012.054.

L. Nizzetto et al., “Past , Present , and Future Controls on Levels of Persistent Organic Pollutants in the Global Environment,” vol. 44, no. 17, pp. 6526–6531, 2010.

S. M. B. Nash, “Persistent organic pollutants in Antarctica : current and future research priorities,” no. June, 2014, doi: 10.1039/c0em00230e.

E. Science, M. Matthies, and F. Wania, “Assessing Long-Range Transport Potential of Persistent Organic Pollutants Assessing Long-Range Transport Potential of Persistent Organic Pollutants,” no. January, 2000, doi: 10.1021/es990207w.

R. Weber, G. Aliyeva, and J. Vijgen, “The need for an integrated approach to the global challenge of POPs management,” pp. 1901–1906, 2013, doi: 10.1007/s11356-012-1247-8.

D. Haffner and A. Schecter, “Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs): A Primer for Practicing Clinicians,” Curr. Environ. Heal. Reports, vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 123–131, 2014, doi: 10.1007/s40572-014-0009-9.

B. Mohan, G. K. Bharat, S. Tayal, L. Nizzetto, Č. Pavel, and T. Larssen, “Environment and human exposure to persistent organic pollutants ( POPs ) in India : A systematic review of recent and historical data,” vol. 66, pp. 48–64, 2014, doi: 10.1016/j.envint.2014.01.022.

E. Deribe et al., “Science of the Total Environment Bioaccumulation of persistent organic pollutants ( POPs ) in fi sh species from Lake Koka , Ethiopia : The in fl uence of lipid content and trophic position,” vol. 411, pp. 136–145, 2011, doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2011.09.008.

K. Jagiello, A. Sosnowska, S. Walker, and M. Haranczyk, “Direct QSPR : the most efficient way of predicting organic carbon / water partition coefficient (log K OC) for polyhalogenated POPs,” pp. 997–1004, 2014, doi: 10.1007/s11224-014-0419-1.

C. Turgut, L. Atatanir, and B. Mazmanci, “( POPs ) in Taurus Mountains soils The occurrence and environmental effect of persistent organic pollutants (POPs) in Taurus Mountains soils,” no. July, 2011, doi: 10.1007/s11356-011-0561-x.

F. Rigét, A. Bignert, B. Braune, J. Stow, and S. Wilson, “Science of the Total Environment Temporal trends of legacy POPs in Arctic biota , an update,” vol. 408, pp. 2874–2884, 2010, doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2009.07.036.

B. C. Balmer et al., “Relationship between persistent organic pollutants ( POPs ) and ranging patterns in common bottlenose dolphins ( Tursiops truncatus ) from coastal,” no. November, 2017, doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2011.01.052.

K. Bhupander, M. Meenu, G. Gargi, G. Richa, S. S. Kumar, and P. Dev, “Distribution and Ecotoxicological Risk Assessment of Persistent Organic Pollutants ( POPs ) In River Sediments from,” vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 38–49, 2012.

D. Ratnaningsih, E. L. Nasution, N. T. Wardhani, O. D. Pitalokasari, and R. Fauzi, “Water pollution trends in Ciliwung River based on water quality parameters,” IOP Conf. Ser. Earth Environ. Sci., vol. 407, no. 1, 2019, doi: 10.1088/1755-1315/407/1/012006.

A. Sudaryanto, T. Isobe, and S. Tanabe, “Trophodynamic Accumulation of Brominated Flame Retardants in Biota of Jakarta Bay,” pp. 313–322.

L. Bao, K. A. Maruya, S. A. Snyder, and E. Y. Zeng, “Author ’ s personal copy China ’ s water pollution by persistent organic pollutants,” doi: 10.1016/j.envpol.2011.12.022.

W. Chen et al., “Organochlorine pesticides in the surface water and sediments from the Peacock River Drainage Basin in Xinjiang, China: A study of an arid zone in Central Asia,” Environ. Monit. Assess., vol. 177, no. 1–4, pp. 1–21, 2011, doi: 10.1007/s10661-010-1613-2.

Y. Syofyan, Y. Andiri, S. E. Kartiningsih, and D. Ratnaningsih, “Measurement of Organochlorines Residue (OCs) in water, sediment and soil from Jakarta and West Java,” IOP Conf. Ser. Earth Environ. Sci., vol. 407, no. 1, 2019, doi: 10.1088/1755-1315/407/1/012010.

M. A. Ashraf, “Persistent organic pollutants ( POPs ): a global issue , a global challenge,” pp. 4223–4227, 2017, doi: 10.1007/s11356-015-5225-9.

I. Nasr and M. M. H. Arief, “Persistent Organic Pollutants ( POPs ) in Egyptian Aquatic Environment Persistent Organic Pollutants ( POPs ) in Egyptian Aquatic Environment,” no. January 2014, 2009.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.20886/jklh.2020.14.1.21-30

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2020 Ecolab

This Journal Index by:

  

 

 

  

e-ISSN: 2502-8812, p-ISSN: 1978-5860
Ecolab is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Creative Commons License