Floristic Composition and Soil Characteristics in Muara Kaman Sedulang Nature Reserve, East Kalimantan

Ulfah Karmila Sari, Bina Swasta Sitepu, Mukhlisi Mukhlisi, Puji Mulyanto

Abstract


Muara Kaman Sedulang Nature Reserve in East Kalimantan has been damaged due to anthropogenic activities and natural fires. The study aims to explore the floristic composition and soil characteristics in the rehabilitation and protection block to provide plant species information for the restoration activity. Vegetation data were collected in each block with a purposive random sampling method, in a total of 0,36 ha plot sample in rehabilitation block and 0,32 ha in protection block. Soil characteristics samples for physical and chemical measurement were collected in each plot with a composite technique at the soil surface (0 – 30 cm). There are 15 species recorded in rehabilitation block and 30 species in the protection block. The diameter distribution indicated that there are differences in the regeneration process after periods of destruction on each block. The diversity index in the rehabilitation block is low, while in the protection block is low to middle. Mallotus sumatranus is a dominant species in the rehabilitation block, whereas in the protection block is Lagerstroemia speciosa. Lepisanthes alata always presents in all research plots indicated suitability for all type of habitat in the area. Soil type is Endoaquepts Dystrudepts with silt clay loam texture and acid soil.

Keywords: vegetation, swamp forest, riparian, restoration, Lephisanthes alata


References


Adila, N., Sasidhran, S., Kamarudin, N., Puan, C. L., Azhar, B., & Lindenmayer, D. B. (2017). Effects of peat swamp logging and agricultural expansion on species richness of native mammals in Peninsular Malaysia. Basic and Applied Ecology, 22, 1–10.

Anggraini, T., Wilma, S., Syukri, D., & Azima, F. (2019). Total phenolic, anthocyanin, catechins, dpph radical scavenging activity, and toxicity of Lepisanthes alata (Blume) Leenh. Hindawi International Journal of Food Science, 2019, 1–7.

Arbainsyah, De Iongh, H. H., Kustiawan, W., & De Snoo, G. R. (2014). Structure, composition and diversity of plant communities in fsc-certified, selectively logged forests of different ages compared to primary rain forest. Biodiversity and Conservation, 23(10), 2445–2472.

Cattau, M. E., Harrison, M. E., Shinyo, I., Tungau, S., Uriarte, M., & Defries, R. (2016). Sources of anthropogenic fire ignitions on the peat-swamp landscape in Kalimantan, Indonesia. Global Environmental Change, 39, 205–219.

Crouzeilles, R., Ferreira, M. S., Chazdon, R. L., Lindenmayer, D. B., Sansevero, J. B. B., Monteiro, L., Iribarrem, A., Latawiec, A. E., & Strassburg, B. B. N. (2017). Ecological restoration success is higher for natural regeneration than for active restoration in tropical forests. Science Advances, 3(11), 1–8.

Das, N. (2014). Modeling develops to estimate leaf area and leaf biomass of Lagerstroemia Speciosa in West Vanugach Reserve Forest of Bangladesh . ISRN Forestry, 2014, 1–9.

Dendang, B., & Handayani, W. (2015). Struktur dan komposisi tegakan hutan di Taman Nasional Gunung Gede Pangrango, Jawa Barat. dalam Setyawan, D.A., Sugiyarto, S., Pitoyo, A., Sutomo, S., Widiastuti, A., Widarsih, G., Supatmi, S. (eds), Seminar Nasional "Managemen Biodiversitas dalam Melindungi, Mempertahankan dan Memperkaya Sumber Daya Genetik dan Pemanfaatannya", (p691–695). Yogyakarta.

Eviati, & Sulaeman. (2009). Petunjuk teknis analisis kimia tanah, tanaman, air, dan pupuk, dalam B. . Prasetyo, D. Santoso, & L. R. Wulandari (Eds.), Balai Penelitian Tanah Kementerian Pertanian (Edisi 2). Jakarta : Balai Penelitian Tanah Kementerian Pertanian.

Gönner, C., Schwarz, S., Budiono, Kreb, D., & Soeyitno, A. (2014). Waterbird population dynamics in the middle mahakam wetlands of East Kalimantan over 23 years. Kukila, 17(2), 20–41.

Gunawan, H., & Subiandono, E. (2013). Kondisi biofisik dan sosial ekonomi dalam konteks restorasi ekosistem Taman Nasional Gunung Ciremai, Jawa Barat. Indonesian Forest Rehabilitation, 1(1), 17–37.

Gunawan, W., Basuni, S., Indrawan, A., Prasetyo, L. B., & Soedjito, H. (2011). Analysis of vegetation structure and composition toward restoration efforts of Gunung Gede Pangrango National Park forest area. Journal of Natural Resources and Environmental Management, 2(1), 93–105.

Gunawan, Wijayanto, N., & Budi, S. W. (2019). Karakteristik sifat kimia tanah dan status kesuburan tanah pada agroforestri tanaman sayuran berbasis Eucalyptus Sp . Jurnal Silvikultur Tropika, 10(02), 63–69.

Junk, W. J., An, S., Finalayson, C., Gopal, B., Kvet, J., Mitchell, S., Mitsch, W., & Robarts, R. (2013). Current state of knowledge regarding the world ’ s wetlands and their future under global climate change : a synthesis. Aquatic Sciences, 75(1), 151–167.

Kalima, T., & Denny. (2019). Komposisi jenis dan struktur hutan rawa gambut Taman Nasional Sebangau Kalimantan Tengah. Penelitian Hutan dan Konservasi Alam, 16(1), 51–72.

Lim, T. K. (2013). Edible Medicinal and Non-Medicinal Plants : Volume 6, Fruits, dalam Edible Medicinal And Non-Medicinal Plants: Fruits (Vol. 6, Pp. 1–606). Dordrecht : Springer Science

Lisdayanti, Hikmat, A., & Istomo. (2016). Komposisi flora dan keragaman tumbuhan di hutan rawa musiman, Rimbo Tujuh Danau Riau. Penelitian Hutan dan Konservasi Alam, 3(1), 15–28.

Magurran E, A. (2004). Measuring Biological Diversity. Oxford : Balckwell Publishing.

Mariati, Afitah, I., & Santosa, P. B. (2019). Studi tingkat keanekaragaman hayati lahan bekas terbakar di Taman Nasional Sebangau & Kawasan Hutan Dengan Tujuan Khusus (KHDTK) Tumbang Nusa. Jurnal Daun, 6(2), 129–139.

Mueller-Dombois, D., & Ellenberg, H. (1976). Aims and Methods of Vegetation Ecology Vol. 66 (1). New Jersey : John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Mukhlisi, Atmoko, T., & Priyono. (2018). Flora di Habitat Bekantan Lahan Basah Suwi Kalimantan Timur (A. Susilo & S. Iskandar (Eds.)). Bogor : FORDA Press (Anggota IKAPI).

Nasrin, F., Ahmad, S., & Kamrunnahar. (2012). Evaluation of antimicrobial, antioxidant and cytotoxic activities of methanolic extracts of Lagerstroemia speciosa leaves and barks. Journal of Applied Pharmaceutical Science, 2(10), 142–147.

Ostertag, R., Warman, L., Cordell, S., & Vitousek, P. M. (2015). Using plant functional traits to restore Hawaiian rainforest. Journal of Applied Ecology, 52(4), 805–809.

Pertanian, K. (2000). Atlas Sumber Daya Tanah Tingkat Eksplorasi Skala 1 : 1.000.000 (Issue March). Jakarta : Kementerian Pertanian Republik Indonesia.

Posa, M. R. C., Wijedasa, L. S., & Corlett, R. T. (2011). Biodiversity and conservation of tropical peat swamp forests. Bioscience, 61(1), 49–57.

Project, Q. (2019). QGIS User Guide Release 2.18 QGIS Project. Https://Docs.Qgis.Org/2.18/Pdf/En/QGIS-2.18-Userguide-En.Pdf

Qirom, M. A., Halwany, W., Rahmanadi, D., & Tampubolon, A. P. (2019). Studi biofisik pada lanskap hutan rawa gambut di Taman Nasional Sebangau: kasus di Resort Mangkok. Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia, 24(3), 188–200.

Rahman, R., Emawati, H., & Bakrie, D. I. (2017). Studi aspek sosial, ekonomi dan budaya masyarakat Desa Sedulang terhadap upaya kelestarian Cagar Alam Muara Kaman Sedulang Kabupaten Kutai Kartanegara Provinsi Kalimantan Timur. Agrifor, XVI(1), 83–94.

Reis, V., Hermoso, V., Hamilton, S. K., Ward, D., Fluet-Chouinard, E., Lehner, B., & Linke, S. (2017). A global assessment of inland wetland conservation status. Bioscience, 67(6), 523–533.

Saridan, A., & Fajri, M. (2014). Potensi jenis dipterokarpa di hutan penelitian Labanan, Kabupaten Berau, Kalimantan Timur. Jurnal Penelitian Dipterokarpa, 8(1), 7–14.

Sasaki, T., & Lauenroth, W. K. (2011). Dominant species, rather than diversity, regulates temporal stability of plant communities. Oecologia, 166(3), 761–768.

Sawitri, R., & Bismark, M. (2013). Persepsi masyarakat terhadap restorasi zona rehabilitasi di Taman Nasional Gunung Gede Pangrango. Forest Rehabilitation Journal, 1(1), 91–111.

Sharmin, T., Rahman, M. S., & Mohammadi, H. (2018). Investigation of biological activities of the flowers of Lagerstroemia Speciosa, the jarul flower of Bangladesh. BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine, 18(1), 1–10.

Shryock, D. F., Havrilla, C. A., Defalco, L. A., Esque, T. C., Custer, N. A., & Wood, T. E. (2017). Landscape genetic approaches to guide native plant restoration in the Mojave Desert: Ecological Applications, 27(2), 429–445.

Shyam, C., & Saikia, P. K. (2012). Nesting habitat characteristics and food habits of Malayan Giant Squirrel Ratufa Bicolor (Sparrmann, 1778) in Gibbon Wildlife Sanctuary, Jorhat, Assam, India. The Ecoscan. In, 6, 73–78.

Sidiyasa, K. (2012). Karakteristik hutan rawa gambut di Tuanan dan Katunjung, Kalimantan Tengah. Jurnal Penelitian Hutan dan Konservasi Alam, 9(2), 125–137.

Soerianegara I & Lemmens, R. H. M. J. (1993). Timber trees : major commercial photomicrographic atlas of Papua New Guinea timbers - with ia wa microscopic macroscopic wood identification manual for Papua New Guinean timbers . IAWA Journal, (Vol. 15, Issue 2).

Sonar, M. P., & Rathod, V. K. (2020). Extraction of type ii antidiabetic compound corosolic acid from Lagerstroemia speciosa by batch extraction and three phase partitioning. Biocatalysis and Agricultural Biotechnology, 27, 1-7.

Sulaiman, S., Mohamad, N. H. N., & Idilfitri, S. (2013). Contribution of vegetation in urban parks as habitat for selective bird community. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 85, 267–281.

Team, R. S. (2020). Rstudio: Integrated Development For R. (Version 1.2.5033). Rstudio, PBC.

Wahyudi, D., Kusneti, M., & Suimah. (2017). Biodiversity inventory and conservation opportunity of Suwi Wetlands, Muara Ancalong, East Kalimantan, Indonesia. dalam Nugroho, R. A., Natalisanto, A. I.,

Tarigan, D., Dharma, B., Astuti, I. F., Wahyuningsih, S. (eds), International Conference "Sustainability and eco-green innovation in tropical studies for global future" (1813, p.020013.1-020013.7). AIP Publishing LLC.

Yusuf, Z., Sandhyavitri, A., & Sigit, S. (2020). Simulasi model hidrolika dalam manajemen tata kelola air untuk mitigasi kebakaran lahan gambut. Sainstek, 08(1), 1–10.

Zegeye, H., Teketay, D., & Kelbessa, E. (2011). Diversity and regeneration status of woody species in Tara Gedam and Abebaye forests, Northwestern Ethiopia. Journal of Forestry Research, 22(3), 315–328.

Zhang, Y., Wong, A. I. C., Wu, J., Abdul Karim, N. B., & Huang, D. (2016). Lepisanthes alata (Malay Cherry) leaves are potent inhibitors of starch hydrolases due to proanthocyanidins with high degree of polymerization. Journal of Functional Foods, 25, 568–578.

Zubaidah, A., Vetrita, Y., & Khomarudin, M. . R. (2014). Validasi hotspot modis di wilayah sumatera dan Kalimantan berdasarkan data penginderaan jauh spot-4 tahun 2012. Jurnal Penginderaan Jauh, 11(1), 1–15.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.20886/jwas.v8i1.5905

Published by :
Environment and Forestry Research and Development Institute of Manado
Address   Jalan Raya Adipura, Kelurahan Kima Atas, Keamatan. Mapanget       Manado 95259 Sulawesi Utara, Indonesia
Phone     : (0431) 7242949
Web        : http://www.balithut-manado.org 

Email     : publikasi.bpkmdo@yahoo.com 

Copyright © 2015 | Jurnal Wasian, Balai Penelitian dan Pengembangan Lingkungan Hidup dan Kehutanan (BPPLHK) Manado (e-ISSN 2502-5198, p-ISSN 2355-9969).

 

View My Stats