Autor(s): Listya Mustika Dewi, Supartini Supartini
DOI: 10.20886/ijfr.2011.8.2.91-100


Wood anatomy of Shorea mujongensis P.S. Ashton was investigated in order to ensure this species belongs to yellow meranti group. Such study is very important since this species is already listed in the red list of IUCN and classified as critically endangered species. The microscopic slides were prepared according to the Johansen's method, while the anatomical features observed according to the IAWA  List. The results show that S. mujongensis wood exhibit brown heartwood, light brown sapwood, rough texture, straight grain sometimes interlocked and somewhat rough. The main microscopic characters are growth rings indistinct; vessel diffuse, mostly solitary, rounded to oval; simple perforation plate and alternate intervessel pits; parenchyma scanty paratracheal to thin vasicentric; axial intercellular canals in long tangential line, radial intercellular canal and vasicentric tracheids present; rays uniseriate and multiseriate, prismatic crystal in procumbent cells; fiber length 1,294 µm, diameter 26 µm and wall thickness 4µm. Macroscopic and microscopic observation of S. mujongensis wood confirms the species belongs to yellow meranti group. The assesment on fiber dimensions and derived values of the wood fibers classified the wood into class quality II. It indicates that this species is moderately favorable as raw material for pulp and paper manufacture.


Shorea mujongensis, critically endangered species, wood anatomy, fiber quality

Full Text:



Casey, J. 1980. Pulp and Paper Chemistry and Chemical Technology Third Edition Vol II.A. Willey and Sons Inc., NewYork.

Fei-Tan, F.C. 1974. Anatomical Features of the Dipterocarp Timber of Sarawak. Garden's Bulletin. Singapore.

International Union for the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources [IUCN. 2001. Categories and Criteria (version 3.1).International Union for the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources [IUCN].Http://

IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2011.2.< >. Downloaded at 28 November 2011.

Johansen, D.A. 1940. Plant Microtechnique. McGraw Hill Book Co. Inc., NewYork.

Mandang, Y.I. and I.K.N. Pandit. 2002. Pedoman Identifikasi Jenis Kayu di Lapangan.

Prosea Indonesia, Bogor. (in Indonesian).

Newman, M.F., P.F. Burgess and T.C. Whitmore. 1999. Pedoman Identifikasi Pohon-Pohon Dipterocarpaceae Pulau Kalimantan. Prosea Indonesia, Bogor. (inIndonesian).

Pandit, I.K.N. and D. Kurniawan. 2008. Struktur Kayu: Sifat Kayu sebagai Bahan Baku dan Ciri Diagnostik Kayu Perdagangan Indonesia. Fakultas Kehutanan, IPB, Bogor. (in Indonesian).

Panshin, A.J. and C. de Zeeuw. 1980. Textbook of Wood Technology. Fourth Edition. McGraw-Hill Book Company, NewYork.

Rachman, A.N. and R.M. Siagian. 1976. Dimensi Serat Jenis Kayu Indonesia Bagian III.

Laporan LPHHNo. 75. Pusat Litbang Hasil Hutan, Bogor. (in Indonesian).

Sarayar, C.G. 1976. Struktur Anatomi Kayu Meranti Indonesia. Laporan LPHH No.

Pusat Litbang Hasil Hutan, Bogor. (in Indonesian).

Sofyan, K., S.N. Deded and P. Trisna. 1993. Sifat Pulp Jenis-Jenis Kayu Cepat Tumbuh. Fakultas Kehutanan, IPB, Bogor. (in Indonesian).

Takahashi, K. and M. Suzuki. 2003. Dicotyledonous fossil wood flora and early evolution of wood character in the cretaceous of Hokkaido, Japan. IAWAJournal 24(3): 269-309.

Wheeler, E.A., P. Baas and P.C. Gasson. 1989. IAWA list of microscopic features for hardwood identification. IAWABulletin 10(3): 219-332.


  • There are currently no refbacks.