Autor(s): Ratih Damayanti, Sri Rulliaty
DOI: 10.20886/ijfr.2010.7.1.53-69


A detailed description of wood anatomy is essential for assessing the use of a wood species for processing , and also beneficial for the identification of wood samples. Computerized keys are available that allow the identification of wood samples until the genus level; however, it is not easy to use these keys to identif y unknown species. Therefore, a database of anatomical characteristics and the computerized keys need to be completed up to species level. As the relevance, this study has examined the wood anatomical properties of the five corresponding tree species originated from Cianjur, West Java, which are commercially potential for their exploitation, i.e Castanopsis acuminatissima ADC. (Fagaceae); Castanopsistungurrut ADC. (Fagaceae); Cinnamomum inners Reinw. ex Blume (Lauraceae); Ficus nervosa Heyne (Moraceae) and Horsfieldia glabra Warb. (Myristicaceae). Expectedly the results would be beneficial for wood identification purposes and evaluation for other possible uses. Obser vations on anatomical structures covered macroscopic and microscopic characteristics were carried out through the sectioned and macerated wood samples. The obser ved characteristics of the anatomical features were defined conforming to the IAWA List of Microscopic Features for Hardwood  Identification.  Based on the scrutiny on those obser ved characteristics and linked to the fiber quality, it was judged that the fiber in all the five wood species could be classified as class I for pulp and paper processing.


Wood anatomy, fiber quality, local potential commercial species, Cianjur (West Java)

Full Text:



Damayanti, R ., Y.I. Mandang , and T.K. Waluyo. 2007. Struktur anatomi dan kualitas serat batang kemenyan (Styrax spp.) dari Sumatera Utara. Jurnal Penelitian Hasil Hutan 25 (3): 272-289 (in Indonesian with English abstract).

Krisdianto. 2005. Anatomi dan kualitas serat tujuh jenis kayu kurang dikenal dari Jawa Barat. Jurnal Penelitian Hasil Hutan 23 (4): 259-282 (in Indonesian with English abstract).

Krisdianto and R . Damayanti. 2007. Anatomical properties and fiber dimension of prickly acacia (Acacia nilotica L.) from Baluran National Park. Journal of Forestry Research 4 (2): 93-103.

Lemmens, R .H.M.J., I. Soerianegara and W.C. Wong. 1995. Plant Resources of South East Asia 5(2), Timber trees: Minor Commercial Timbers. PROSEA Foundation Indonesia. Bogor. 655p.

Mandang , Y.I. and I.K.N. Pandit. 2002. Pedoman Identifikasi Jenis Kayu di Lapangan. Yayasan Prosea, Bogor dan Pusat Diklat Pegawai SDM Kehutanan, Bogor. 194p.

Nurachman, A.N. and R .M. Siagian. 1976. Dimensi Serat Jenis Kayu Indonesia. Laporan No.75. Lembaga Penelitian Hasil Hutan, Bogor. 11p.

Oey, D.S. 1964. Berat Jenis Kayu Indonesia dan Pengertian Berat Jenisnya untuk Keperluan Praktek. Pengumuman No.13, Lembaga Penelitian Hasil Hutan, Bogor. 234p.

Pandit, I.K .N. and D. Kurniawan. 2008. Sifat Kayu sebagai Bahan Baku dan Ciri Diagnostik Kayu Perdagangan Indonesia. Centium, Bogor. 114p.

Sosef, M.S.M., L.T. Hong and S. Prawirohatmodjo. 1998. Plant Resources of South East Asia 5 (3), Timber trees: Minor Commercial Timbers. PROSEA Foundation Indonesia, Bogor. 859p.

Tesoro, F.O. 1989. Methodolog y for Project 8 on Cor ypha and Livistona . Forest Products Research and Development Institute, College, Laguna 4031. Philippines.

Wheeler, E.A. and P. Baas. 1988. Wood identification: A review. IAWA Journal 19 (3):241-264.

Wheeler, E.A ., P. Baas and E. Gasson. 1989. IAWA (International Association of Wood Anatomist) list of microscopic features for hardwood identification. IAWA Bulletin 10(3): 219-332.


  • There are currently no refbacks.