Autor(s): Mohamad Iqbal, Tria Anggita Hafsari, Tika Agustin, Subarudi Subarudi, Anita Rianti, Vivin Silvaliandra Sihombing
DOI: 10.59465/ijfr.2023.10.2.207-219


The COVID-19 pandemic has brought attention to the need for Indonesia to prepare for  future  food  challenges.  The  government  is  focusing  on  developing  underdeveloped  areas,  including peatlands, which have great potential for integrated farming systems. Bangsal is a village with peat swamp lands that serve as a source of  food in OKI Regency, South Sumatera. During the dry season, the land is used for agriculture, while during the rainy season, it is used for fisheries. This paper analyzes (a) the village-based farming patterns in peatland areas, (b) the institutional framework of  peatland farmer groups in Bangsal, and (c) the strategy for sustainable peatland utilization for food security. The study used both qualitative and quantitative data analysis methods. The research showed that the role of  the Ulak Kuto Mandiri effectively and efficiently increased community income and food self-sufficiency. Integrated farming systems, including swamp buffalo farming, swamp fish farming, and swamp agriculture, optimally and sustainably increased the potential of  peatlands. Sustainable peatland utilization through integrated farming systems technically preserves the peatland ecosystem from land conversion, is economically feasible, increases the income of  farmers, livestock breeders, and local cultural traditions, and empowers women in farming activities. It also reduces forest fire risks, chemical fertilizer and pesticide use, and increases peatland productivity.


Integrated farming system; swamp buffalo farming; freshwater fish farming; organic agriculture; financial analysis

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