ANALISIS MODAL SOSIAL DALAM PENGELOLAAN MATA AIR DI DUSUN NGARAM-ARAM, DESA CREWEK, KECAMATAN KRADENAN, KABUPATEN GROBOGAN (Analysis of social capital in springs management at Ngaram-aram Hamlet, Crewek Village, Kradenan District, Grobogan Regency)

Baharinawati Wilhan Hastanti, Purwanto Purwanto

Abstract


Grobogan Regency is one of the areas in Central Java that experiences drought almost every year. However, Ngaram-aram Hamlet in Crewek Village in the Grobogan Regency almost has not affected by drought in the dry season due to some springs located in this area. Increasing the community participation in water management could be obtained by strengthening the social capital. The objective of this study is to determine the social capital variables in the management of springs by identifying: 1) trust and community solidarity in spring’s management, 2) social Norms in spring’s management, and 3) social networks in spring’s management. The results of the research show that spring’s management was carried out both physically and spiritually. Trust and solidarity in spring’s management could be seen in regulating and distributing water to houses, and in contributing to the finance of spring’s management. The existing social norm is in the form of command sand prohibitions in spring’s management that contain social values, rewards and punishments. The social network in spring’s management at Ngaram-aram appears in a special set of relationships among groups of people who utilize the springs with characteristics of relationships that could be used to interpret social behavior motives from the people involved in them. This network has economic function to obtain water for household and agricultural purposes, social function in security and socialization, and communication flow of information. Indicators of the social network existence could be seen from 1) individual centrality 2) individual closeness, and 3) togetherness between individuals.


Keywords


social capital; springs; management

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.20886/jppdas.2019.3.2.89-110

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