Sri Sunarti, Valerianus Devi Adyantara, Suharyanto Suharyanto, Teguh Setyaji, Arif Nirsatmanto


Research for developing Acacia hybrid (Acacia mangium x Acacia auriculiformis) breeding strategy through establishing hybrid seed orchard (HSO) has been started by BBPPBPTH. Two hectares of HSO was established in Wonogiri, Central Java to produce the Acacia hybrid seed. The orchard was laid out using an alternating rows design among the two pure parent species with spacing of 1 m x 3 m: 1 m within the species and 3 m between the species. The purpose of this study is to evaluate flowering synchronization and seed production in first year flowering session of four years age mother trees in the HSO. The unit area of observation was set up in 0.2 ha within the HSO. During the first flowering session, 100 mother trees (31%) were observed showing synchronized flowering time among the two parents species: 50 mother trees for Acacia mangium and 50 mother trees for A. auriculiformis. Seed production was still low in which only 38 out of 50 trees of A. mangium mother trees produced seed, whereas selected A. auriculiformis mother trees did not produce seed. The average viability of the collected seed was moderately low at 59.2%. Subsequent verification through DNA marker using SCAR and SSR revealed less than 1% of the collected seed were identified as true Acacia hybrid.


alternating rows; flowering synchronization; hybrid seed; DNA marker

Full Text:



Agrawal, R. L. (1998). Fundamental of plant breeding and hybrid seed production. USA: Sciene Publisher Inc.

Chamberlain, J. R. (2000). Meningkatkan produksi benih Caliandra calothyrsus. USA: Oxford Forestry Institute.

Chaudary, R. C. (1984). Introduction to plant breeding. New Delhi: Oxford & IBH Publishing Co.

Gan, E., & Sim, B. L. (1991). Nursery identification of hybrid seedlings in open plots. In L. T. Carron & K. M. Aken (Eds.), Breeding Technologies for Tropical Acacias (pp. 76–85). Canberra.

Ghazali, H. M., Kadir, W. R. W. A., Rozazlin, A., & Rasip, A. G. A. (2007). Growth of Acacia hybrid (Acacia mangium x Acacia auriculiformis) on coastal sandy soil. Journal of Tropical Forest Science, 19(4), 243–244.

Gomez, K. A., & Gomez, A. A. (1984). Statistical procedures for agricultural research. Canada: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Ibrahim, Z. (1993). Reproductive Biology. In K. Awang & D. Taylor (Eds.), Acacia mangium growing and utilization (pp. 21–30). Bangkok: Winrock International and the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Ibrahim, Z., & Awang, K. (1991). Flowering and Fruiting Phenology of Acacia mangium and Acacia auriculiformis in Peninsular Malaysia. In L. T. Carron & K. M. Aken (Eds.), Breeding Technologies for Tropical Acacias (p. 45). Canberra.

Kamil, I. (1991). Teknologi Benih. Jakarta: Angkasa Raya.

Kato, K., Yamaguchi, S., Chigira, Ogawa, Y., & Isoda, K. (2012). Tube pollination using stored pollen for creating Acacia auriculiformis hybrid. Journal of Tropical Forest Science, 24(2), 209–216.

Kha, L. D. (2001). Studies on the use of natural hybrids between Acacia mangium and Acacia auriculiformis in Vietnam. Hanoi: Agriculture Publising House.

Kha, L. D., Harwood, C. E., & Kien, N. D. (2012). Growth and wood basic density of Acacia hybrid clones at three location in Vietnam. New Forest, 43, 13–29. https://doi.org/10.1007/s 1056-011-926-y

Kim, N. T., Matsumura, J., Oda, K., & Cuong, N. V. (2009). Possibility of Improvement in Fundamental Properties of Wood of Acacia Hybrid by Artificial Hybridization. Journal of Wood Science, 1(5).

Libby, W. J., & Ahuja, M. R. (1993). The Genetics of Clones. In M. R. Ahuja & W. J. Libby (Eds.), Clonal Forestry I, Genetics and Biotechnology (pp. 5–13). Berlin, Germany: Springer-Verlag.

Murai, H. B., & Thompson, W. F. (1980). Rapid isolation of high molecular weight DNA. In Nucleic Acids Res (Vol. 8, pp. 4321–4325).

Pinso, C., & Nasi, R. (1991). The potential Use of Acacia mangium x A. auriculiformis Hybrid in Sabah. In L. T. Carron & K. M. Aken (Eds.), Breeding Technologies for Tropical Acacias (pp. 17–21).

Rokeya, U. K., Hossain, M. A., Ali, M. R., & Paul, S. P. (2010). Physical and mechanical properties of Hybrid Acacia (Acacia auriculiformis x A. mangium). Journal of Bangladesh Academy of Sciences, 32(2), 181–187.

Rufelds, C. W. (1988). Acacia mangium and Acacia auriculiformis and hybrid A. mangium x A. auriculiformis. In Seedling morphology study. Forest Research Center Publication,41.

Rusli, R., Samsi, H. W., Kadir, R., Ujang, S., Jalaludin, & Misran, S. (2013). Properties of small diameter Acacia hybrid logs for biocomposites production. Borneo Science, 33, 9–15.

Schmidt, L. (1993). Seed Orchard: Guidelines on establishment and management practices (Field Manu). Philippines: FAO Regional Project on Tree Breeding and Propagation.

Sedgley, M., Harbard, J., Smith, R. M., Wickneswari, R., & Griffin, A. R. (1992). Reproductive biology and interspesific hybridization of Acacia mangium Willd. and A. auriculiformis A. Cunn. Ex. Benth (Leguminosae: Mimosoideae). Australian Journal Botany, 40, 37–48.

Shiraishi, S., & Watanabe, A. (1995). Identification of chloroplast genome between Pinus densiflora Sieeb. et Zucc. And P. thunbergii Parl. Base on the polymorphism. Journal of the Japanese Forest Society, 77(95), 429–436.

Shornsathapornkul, P., & Owens, J. N. (1998). Pollination Biology in Tropical Acacia Hybrid (Acacia mangium Willd. x Acacia auriculiformis A. Cunn. Ex. Benth). Annual of Botany, 81, 631–645.

Sunarti, S., Na’iem, M., Hardiyanto, E. B., & Indrioko, S. (2013). Breeding Strategy of Acacia Hybrid (Acacia mangium × A. auriculiformis) to Increase Forest Plantation Productivity in Indonesia. Jurnal Manajemen Hutan Tropika (Journal of Tropical Forest Management), XIX(2), 128–137. https://doi.org/10.7226/jtfm.19.2.128

Wahno, I., Lopez, G., Sunarti, S., Valerianus, D. A., Budyansah, & Satya, H. (2014). Teknologi benih akasia hibrida: Upaya peningkatan produktivitas hutan tanaman industri pulp dan kertas di Indonesia. In Prosiding seminar nasional: Benih unggul untuk hutan tanaman, restorasi ekosistem, dan antisipasi perubahan iklim. Yogyakarta.

Wang, B. S. P. (1991). Evaluating, interpreting and reporting seedling test result. In Standar germination test (Training c). Thailand: ASEAN-Canada Forest Tree Seed Centre.

Yahya, R., Sugiyama, J., & Gril, J. (2010). Some Anatomical Features of Acacia Hybrid, A. mangium and A. auriculiformis Grown in Indonesia with Regard to Pulp Yield and Strength Paper. Journal of Tropical Forest Science, 33(3), 343–351.

Yamada, H., Tambunan, P., Wibowo, F. M., R.L., H., & Osamu, C. (2001). Study on the prediction of seed production in seedling seed orchards of Acacia mangium and Eucalyptus pellita. Yogyakarta, Indonesia.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.20886/jpth.2016.10.1.39-49


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2019 Jurnal Pemuliaan Tanaman Hutan

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Jurnal Pemuliaan Tanaman Hutan Indexed By:


Copyright of Jurnal Pemuliaan Tanaman Hutan (JPTH)

eISSN : 2527-8665   pISSN : 1693-7147