PENGARUH MEDIA DAN ZAT PENGATUR TUMBUH TERHADAP PERBANYAKAN STEK PUCUK NYAWAI (Ficus variegata Blume)

Danu Danu, Kurniawati P Putri, Dede J Sudrajat

Abstract


Forest timber plantation of nyawai (Ficus variegate Blume) established by using vegetative propagated seedling from superior individu is very potential to develop for fulfilling the raw material demand of wood processing industries. The purpose of research was to get the optimum rooting medium and growth regulator concentration for rooting shoot cuttings of nyawai. Materials cuttings were provided from seedlings at 12 months age. The experiment was performed as factorial in a completely randomized design with two factors, i.e. rooting media factors (sand, mixed coconut coir dust + rice husk (2: 1, v/v), and mixed coconut coir dust+ husk rice + husk rice charcoal (6: 3: 1, v/v)) and IBA growth regulator concentrations (0, 50, 100,200,400, 600, and 800 mg/l), with three replications so that twenty experimented unit were used at each replication. Rooting percentage, root number, root length, shoot length, root biomass, shoot biomass, and leaf number were evaluated. Based on the result, sand media produced the highest rooted cuttings (88.10%), while the use of IBA showed the trend to increase the number of root with increasing the concentrations, but it influenced to reduce the shoot growth. Combination treatment of sand media and IBA 800mg/l provided the highest rooted cuttings (93.33%) with the number of root 21. Therefore, for the successful propagation of nyawai, cuttings are planted in sand media with IBA 800 mg/l.

Keywords


Ficus variegata; nyawai; cuttings; growth regulators

Full Text:

PDF

References


Akinyele, A. O. (2010). Effects of growth hormones , rooting media and leaf size on juvenile stem cuttings of Buchholzia coriacea. Ann.For.Res., 53(2), 127–133.

Babaie, H., Zarei, H., & Hemmati, K. (2014). Propagation of Ficus benjamina var. starlight by stenting technique under different concentrations of IBA in various times of taking cutting. Journal of Ornamental Plants, 4(2), 75–79.

Bhardwaj, D. R., & Mishra, V. K. (2005). Vegetative propagation of Ulmus villosa : effects of plant growth regulators , collection time , type of donor and position of shoot on adventitious root formation in stem cuttings. New Forest, 29, 105–106.

Danu, Siregar, I. Z., Wibowo, C., & Subiakto, A. (2010). Pengaruh umur sumber bahan stek terhadap keberhasilan stek pucuk meranti tembaga (Shorea leprosula MIQ.). Jurnal Penelitian Hutan Tanaman, 7(3), 1–13.

Das, P., Basak, U. C., & Das, A. B. (1997). Metabolic changes during rooting in pre-girdled stem cuttings and air-layers of Hertiera. Bot.Bull. Acad. Sin., 38(1997), 91–95.

Economou, A. S., & Read, P. E. (1980). Effect of benzyladenine pretreatments on shoot proliferation from petunia leaf segments cultured in vitro. Proc Plant Growth Reg Working Group, 7, 96–103.

Effendi, R., Kosasih, A. S., Suhendi, H., Herbagung, Anggraeni, I., N.E, L., & Sumarhani. (2010). Sintesa hasil penelitian pengelolaan hutan tanaman penghasil kayu pertukangan. In Prosiding Workshop Sintesa Hasil Penelitian Hutan Tanaman. Bogor. Bogor: Pusat Hutan Tanaman.

Gehlot, A., Kumar, R., Atul, G., Inder, T., Arya, D., & Arya, S. (2014). Vegetative propagation of Azadirachta indica : effect of auxin and rooting media on adventitious root induction in mini-cuttings. Advances in Forestry Science, 1(1), 1–9.

Hambrick, A., Davies, F. T. J., & Pemberton, H. B. (1991). Seasonal changes in carbohydrate / nitrogen levels during field rooting of Rosa multiflora “ Brooks 56 ” hardwood cuttings ☆. Scientia Holticulturae, 46(1–2), 137–146.

Hardjowigeno, H. S. (2003). Ilmu Tanah (Cetakan Ke). Jakarta: Akademi Pressindo.

Hartmann, H. T., Kester, D. E., & Davies, R. T. (1997). Plant propagation.Principles and practices (Sixth Edit). Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Regent Prentice Hall.

Hassanein, A. M. A. (2013). Factors influencing plant propagation efficiency via stem cuttings. Journal of Horticultural Science & Ornamental Plants, 5(3), 171–176.

Heddy. (1987). Suatu tindakan aspek fisik lingkungan pertanaman. In Ekofisiologi Pertamanan. Bandung: Sinar Baru.

Hendromono, & Komsatun. (2008). Nyawai (Ficus variegata Blume dan Ficus sycomoroides Miq.) jenis yang berprospek baik untuk dikembangkan di hutan tanaman. Mitra Hutan Tanaman, 3(3), 122–130.

Hussein, M. M. . (2008). Studies on the rooting and the consecquenent plant growth on the stem cuttings of Thunbergia grandiflora (Roxb. ex Rottl.) Roxb. 1- Effect of different planting dates. World Journal Of Agricultural Sciences, 4(2), 125–132.

Ikemori, Y. K. (1984). The new Eucalypt forest. In The Marcus Wallenberg Foundation Symposia Proceeding. Sweden.

Jacobs, D. F., Salifu, K. F., & Seifert, J. R. (2005). Relative contribution of initial root and shoot morphology in predicting field performance of hardwood seedlings. New Forests, 30(2–3), 235–236.

Karimi, M., Berrichi, A., & Boukroute, A. (2014). Study of vegetative propagation by cuttings of Thymus satureioides. J.Mater. Environ. Sci., 5(4), 1320–1325.

Kontoh, I. H. (2016). Effect of growth regulators and soil media on the propagation of Voacanga africana stem cuttings. Agroforestry Systems, 90(3), 479–488. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10457-015-9870-2

Kramer, P. J., & Kozlowski, T. T. (1979). Physiology of woody plants. New York: Academic Press.

Lehmann, J., Gaunt, J., & Rondon, M. (2006). Bio-char sequestration in terrestrial ecosystems – A review. Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change, 11(x), 403–427.

Ling, W. X., & Zhong, Z. (2012). Seasonal variation in rooting of the cuttings from Tetraploid Locust in relation to nutrients and endogenous plant hormones of the shoot. Turk J Agric For, 36, 257–266.

Pramono, A. A., & Putri, K. P. (2011). Keberhasilan bahan stek dan zat pengatur tumbuh IBA terhadap keberhasilan perbanyakan vegetatif stek nyawai(Ficus variegata Blume ). Info Benih, 15(2), 65–69.

Rana, R. S., & Sood, K. K. (2012). Effect of cutting diameter and hormonal application on the propagation of Ficus roxburghii Wall . through branch cuttings. Ann. For. Res., 55(1), 69–84.

Rochiman, K., & Harjadi, S. (1973). Pembiakan vegetatif. Bogor: Departemen Agronomi Fakultas Pertanian, Institut Pertanian Bogor.

Rose, R., Haase, D. L., Kroiher, F., & Sabin, T. (1997). Root volume and growth of Ponderosa pine and Douglas-Fir seedlings : A summary of eight growing seasons. Western Journal of Applied Forestry, 12(3), 69–73.

Sakai, C., & Subiakto, A. (2007). Manajemen persemaian KOFFCO system. Bogor: Kerjasama Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Khutanan-Komatsu-JICA. Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Hutan dan Konservasi Alam.

Salisbury, F. B., & Ross, C. W. (1992). Fisiologi tumbuhan (Jilid 3). Penerbit ITB.

Sarg, T. M., Abbas, F. A., El-sayed, Z. I., & Mustafa, A. M. (2011). Two new polyphenolic compounds from Ficus retusa L .“ variegata ” and the biological activity of the different plant extracts. Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytotherapy, 3(7), 89–100.

Siagian, R. M., Lestari, S. B., & Yoswita. (2004). Sifat pulp sulfat kayu kurang dikenal asal Jawa Barat. Jurnal Penelitian Hasil Hutan, 22(2), 75–86.

Soerianegara, I., & Djamhuri, E. (1979). Pemuliaan pohon hutan. (I. P. B. Jurusan Manajemen Hutan, Fakultas Kehutanan, Ed.). Bogor.

Takoutsing, B., Tsobeng, A., Tchoundjeu, Z., Degrande, A., & Asaah, E. (2014). Vegetative propagation of Garcinia lucida Vesque (Clusiaceae ) using leafy stem cuttings and grafting. Afrika Focus, 27(December), 57–71.

Weaver, R. J. (1972). Plant growth subtances in agriculture. San Fransisco: W.H. Freeman and Company, University of California.

Wendling, I., Brondani, G. E., Biassio, A. D., & Dutra, L. F. (2013). Acta scientiarum vegetative propagation of adult Ilex paraguariensis trees through epicormic shoots. Acta Scientiarum. Agronomy Maring’a, 35(1), 117–125.

Yasman, I., & Smits, W. T. M. (1988). Metode pembuatan stek Dipterocarpaceae (Vol. Edisi Khus). Balai Penelitian Kehutanan Samarinda.

Zhang, J., Chen, S., Liu, R., Jiang, J., Chen, F., & Fang, W. (2013). Chrysanthemum cutting productivity and rooting ability are improved by grafting. The Scientific Worrld Journal.

Zobel, B., & Talbert, J. (1984). Applied Forest Tree Improvement. Illinois, USA: Wave Land Press, Inc.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.20886/jpth.2017.11.1.15-23

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2019 Jurnal Pemuliaan Tanaman Hutan

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Jurnal Pemuliaan Tanaman Hutan Indexed By:

 

Copyright of Jurnal Pemuliaan Tanaman Hutan (JPTH)

eISSN : 2527-8665   pISSN : 1693-7147