Fasis Mangkuwibowo, Sapto Indrioko, Arif Nirsatmanto


The interaction assessment of genotype and environment is necessary to find out an effective selection strategy in progeny trial, particularly in advanced generations. This study aims to observe the effect of family × site interaction in second generation progeny trial of Eucalyptus pellita planted at two locations: Wonogiri, Central Java and Pelaihari, South Kalimantan. The trials design were completely randomized block design (CRBD) with 49 families, 6-10 blocks, 5 tree-plot and 4 m × 1.5 m spacing. Data measurements included height, diameter at breast height, and stem volume at two and four years age. The study results showed that the families had significant differences (p<0.01) for all measured traits at two and four years age, but the family and site interaction was not statistically significant. Family heritability across the two sites were moderate to high for all traits with the type B genetic correlation ranged from 0.67 to 0.94. Heritability and genetic correlation tended to be higher as tree getting older. Less than 16% of families showed an interactive rank changes in the two locations based on multiple-traits selection index. In general, family selection by combining data from the two sites of progeny trial provided higher genetic gain than those by indirect selection, but it was varied to those direct selection on each site. Therefore, these results imply that, the strategy for family selection by combining data from the two sites of progeny trials should be practiced in appropriate combination and direction by considering the magnitude of genetic variation.


multi site analysis; genetic parameters; tree improvement; family selection

Full Text:



Bourdon, R. D. (1977). Genetic Correlation as a Concept for Studing Genotype-Enviroment Interaction inf Forest Tree Breeding. Silvae Genética, 6, 5–6.

Brawner, J. T., Bush, D. J., Macdonell, P. F., Warburton, P. M., & Clegg, P. A. (2010). Genetic parameters of red mahogany breeding populations grown in the tropics. Australian Forestry, 73(3), 177–183.

Brawner, J. T., Japarudin, Y., Lapammu, M., Rauf, R., Boden, D., & Wingfield, M. J. (2015). Evaluating the inheritance of Ceratocystis acaciivora symptom expression in a diverse Acacia mangium breeding population. Southern Forests: A Journal of Forest Science, 77(1), 83–90.

Burdon, R. D. (1979). Generalisation of multi-trait selection indices using information from several sites. New Zealand Journal of Forestry Science, 9(2), 145–152.

Carson, S. D. (1991). Genotype x environment interaction and optimal number of progeny test sites for improving Pinus radiata pine in New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Forestry Science, 21(1), 32–49.

Clutter, J. L., Fortson, J. C., Pienaar, L. V., Britste, G. H., & Bailey, R. L. (1983). Timber Management : Quantitative Approach. New York, USA: John Willey & Sons.

Cotterill, P. P. (1987). Short Note: On estimating heritability according to practical applications. Silvae Genetica.

Cotterill, P. P., & Dean, C. A. (1988). Changes in the genetic control of growth of radiata pine to 16 years and efficiencies of early selection. Silvae Genetica, 37(3–4), 138–146. Retrieved from

Foster, G. S. (1986). Trends in genetic parameters with stand development and their influence on early selection for volume growth in Loblolly pine. Forest Science (Vol. 32).

Hardiyanto, E. B. (2003). Growth and genetic improvement of Eucalyptus pellita in South Sumatra, Indonesia. In J. W. Turnbull (Ed.), Eucalypts in Asia (pp. 82–88). Zhanjiang, Guangdong, People’s Republic of China.

Harwood, C. E., Hardiyanto, E. B., & Yong, W. C. (2015). Genetic improvement of tropical acacias: achievements and challenges. Southern Forests: A Journal of Forest Science, 77(1), 11–18.

Harwood, C. E., & Nambiar, E. K. S. (2014). Sustainable plantation forestry in South-East Asia. Canberra.

Hazel, L. N. (1943). The genetic basis for constructing selection indexes. Genetics, 28, 476–490.

House, A. P. N., & Bell, J. C. (1996). Genetic diversity, mating system and systematic relationships in two red mahoganies, Eucalyptus pellita and E. scias. Australian Journal of Botany - AUST J BOT (Vol. 44).

Hung, T. D., Brawner, J. T., Meder, R., Lee, D. J., Southerton, S., Thinh, H., & Dieters, M. (2014). Estimates of genetic parameters for growth and wood properties in Eucalyptus pellita F. Muell. to support tree breeding in Vietnam. Annals of Forest Science (Vol. 72).

Johnson, I. G. (1992). Family site interactions in radiata pine families in new south wales australia. Silvae Genetica, 41(1), 55–62. Retrieved from

Kien, N. D., Jansson, G., Harwood, C., & Thinh, H. H. (2009). Genetic control of growth and form in Eucalyptus urophylla in Northern Vietnam. Journal of Tropical Forest Science, 21(1), 50–65. Retrieved from

Kurinobu, S., Nirsatmanto, A., & Leksono, B. (1996). Prediction genetic gain by within-plot selection in seedling seed orchards of Acacia mangium and Eucalyptus with application of retrospective selection index: Tree improvement for sustainable tropical forestry. In M. J. Dieters, A. C. Matheson, D. G. Nikles, C. E. Hrwood, & S. M. Walker (Eds.), QFRI-IUFRO Conf. (pp. 158–163). Caloundra, Queensland, Australia: Queensland Forestry Research Institute, Gympie.

Kurinobu, S., & Rimbawanto, A. (2002). Genetic improvement of plantation species in Indonesia-Summary of Project Achievement (JICA Forest Tree Improvement Phase II). In A. Rimbawanto & M. Susanto (Eds.), Proceedings of international conference on advances in genetic improvement of tropical tree species, 1-3 October 2002, Yogyakarta, Indonesia. Yogyakarta: Centre for Forest Biotechnology and Tree Improvement.

Leksono, B. (2009). Breeding zones based on genotype-environment interaction in seedling seed orchards of Eucalyptus pellita in Indonesia. Journal of Forestry Research, 6(1), 74–84.

Leksono, B., Nirsatmanto, A., Setyaji, T., & Surip. (2005). General information of seed source (F-2) of A. mangium, A. crassicarpa and E. pellita establishment in Wonogiri, Central Java. Yogyakarta.

Matheson, A. C., & Raymond, C. A. (1984). The impact of genotype x environment interactions on Australian Pinus radiata breeding programs. Australian Forest Research, 14, 11–25. Retrieved from

Muir, W. M. (2005). Incorporation of competitive effects in forest tree or animal breeding programs. Genetics, 170(3), 1247–1259.

Namkoong, G., Kang, H. C., & Brouard, J. S. (1988). Tree breeding: principles and strategies. Springer-Verlag.

Nirsatmanto, A., Seido, K., Kurinobu, S., Na’iem, M., Hardiyanto, E. B., & Suseno, O. H. (1996). Analysis of provenance−progeny tests of Eucalyptus urophylla established at two locations in Indonesia. In M. J. Dieters, A. C.

Matheson, D. G. Nikles, C. E. Harwood, & S. M. Walker (Eds.), Tree improvement for sustainable tropical forestry: Proceeding of the QFRI-IUFRO Conference, Caloundra, Australia. 27 October – 1 November 1996ent for Sustainable Tropical Forestry. Proceedings of QFRI-IUFRO Conference (pp. 206–207). Caloundra, Queensland, Australia: Queensland Forestry Research Institute, Gynpie.

Nirsatmanto, A., Suhaendi, H., & Charomaini, M. (1996). Investigation on family - site interaction of Acacia mangium seedling seed orchard established at two locations in Indonesia. In A. Rimbawanto, A. Widyatmoko, H. Suhaendi, & T. Furukoshi (Eds.), International Seminar Proceeding: Tropical Plantation Establishment, Improving Productivity Through Genetic Practices (pp. 12–18). Yogyakarta, Indonesia: Forest Tree Improvement Research and Development Institute-Japan International Cooperation Agency.

Pinyopusarerk, K., & Harwood, C. E. (2010). Advanced-generation breeding and deployment of Acacia and Eucalyptus species and hybrids in Some Asian Countries. In H. C. Sim, L. T. Hong, & R. Jalonen (Eds.), International Symposium on Forest Genetic Resources–Conservation and Sustainable Utilization towards climate change mitigation and adaptation (pp. 104–107). Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia: FRIM, APAFRI and Bioversity International.

Setyaji, T. (2013). Interaksi famili x lokasi pada uji keturunan generasi kedua Acacia mangium di Sumatera dan Kalimantan. Jurnal Pemuliaan Tanaman Hutan, 7(1), 41–52.

Shelbourne, C. J. A. (1972). Genotype-environment interaction: its study and its implications in forest tree improvement. In IUFRO Genetics-SABRAO Joint Symposia (p. B-1(I), 1-28). Tokyo, Japan: The Government Forest Experiment Station of Japan.

Sunarti, S., Na’iem, M., Hardiyanto, E. B., & Indrioko, S. (2013). Breeding strategy of Acacia Hybrid (Acacia mangium × A. auriculiformis) to increase forest plantation productivity in Indonesia. Jurnal Manajemen Hutan Tropika (Journal of Tropical Forest Management), XIX(2), 128–137.

Tarigan, M., Roux, J., Van Wyk, M., Tjahjono, B., & Wingfield, M. J. (2011). A new wilt and die-back disease of Acacia mangium associated with Ceratocystis manginecans and C. acaciivora sp. nov. in Indonesia. South African Journal of Botany, 77(2), 292–304.

White, T. L., & Hodge, G. R. (1989). Predicting breeding values with applications in forest tree improvement (Vol. 33). Springer Netherlands. Retrieved from



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2018 Fasis Mangkuwibowo

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Jurnal Pemuliaan Tanaman Hutan Indexed By:


Copyright of Jurnal Pemuliaan Tanaman Hutan (JPTH)

eISSN : 2527-8665   pISSN : 1693-7147