ANATOMI PERBANDINGAN KAYU CENDANA (SANTALUM ALBUM L.) DAN EXOCARPUS (EXOCARPUS LATIFOLIA R. Br.)

Y I Mandang

Sari


Compared   to  Santalum   album  L.,  the  wood  of  Exocarpus Latifolia R.Br. is lower  in quality.  It  is there necessary  to investigate   the  difference   of  their  wood  features   to overcome   the  unwanted   substitution or fraud possibilities.

Microscopic  study  reveals that  there  are many  similarities  in wood  anatomy   between   Santalum album  L.  and Exocarpus  latifolia R. Br. They are anatomically different   only  in pore  diameter  and pore  frequency. The wood  of  Exocarpus latifolia R.Br.  has larger pore  diameter   but  lower pore  frequency.

Some   differences   were  also  ob1erved  on  gross  features   of  wood.   Exocarpus latifolia   R. Br.  has  darker  sapwood color,  coarser wood  texture  and  less aromatic odour.


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Referensi


Backer, C. A. 1965. Flora of Java. N.V.P. Nordhoff Groningen, the Netherlands. Vol II, 641 p.

Burkill, I.H. 1925. A Dictionary of The Economic Products of the Malay Peninsula.Crown Agencies for the Colonies, London. Vol. I, 1219 p.

Chowdury, K.A. 1931. Sandalwood and its Indian Substitutes. Indian Forester LVII (9):431 - 433.

Metcalf, C. R. and L. Chalk. 1950. Anatomy of the Dicotyledones. Oxford at The Clarendon Press. Vol. II, 1500p.

Rock, F. J. 1916. The Sandalwood of Hawai. Board of Agr. and For.Botanical Bull. No. 3, 43 p.

Talbot, L.1983. Woody Gold : Early days of Sandalwood Industry. Forest Focus 30 : 21 - 31.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.20886/jphh.1988.5.6.365-368

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