KEKAYAAN JENIS POHON DI HUTAN TAMAN NASIONAL GUNUNG GEDE PANGRANGO, JAWA BARAT (Tree Species Richness in Forest of Mount Gede-Pangrango National Park, West Java)

Andes Hamuraby Rozak, Sri Astutik, Zaenal Mutaqien, Didik Widyatmoko, Endah Sulistyawati

Sari


Kelas pohon merupakan unsur penting dalam struktur vegetasi suatu hutan. Nilai penting pohon selain sebagai penghasil kayu dan non kayu juga berperan penting dalam jasa lingkungan. Sampai saat ini, informasi tentang berapa jumlah minimal jenis pohon yang ada di Taman Nasional Gunung Gede-Pangrango
belum secara persis diketahui. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk memperoleh informasi tentang jumlah minimal jenis pohon dan keterkaitannya dengan faktor ketinggian tempat di Taman Nasional Gunung Gede-Pangrango. Sejumlah 26 plot berukuran 20 m x 100 m yang berada pada rentang ketinggian 1.013-3.010 m dpl dibuat dan dikelompokkan dalam tiga zona, yaitu zona sub montana (1.000-1.500 m dpl), zona montana (1.500-2.400 m dpl) dan zona sub alpin (> 2.400 m dpl). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa total jenis pohon yang terdapat di kawasan ini (yang terdiri dari 1.479 individu pohon), yaitu 127 jenis dengan jumlah jenis pada masing-masing zona adalah 79 jenis (zona sub montana), 70 jenis (zona montana) dan 33 jenis
(zona sub alpin). Hasil tersebut menunjukkan bahwa dari 127 jenis pohon yang berhasil dicatat, zona sub montana merupakan zona yang memiliki jenis pohon terbanyak. Selain itu juga, hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa ada hubungan yang signifikan antara ketinggian tempat dengan indeks keragaman pohon. Jumlah individu pohon diketahui memiliki korelasi yang positif dengan faktor ketinggian, sementara jumlah jenis, indeks Shannon-Wiener dan indeks Evenness memiliki korelasi negatif dengan faktor ketinggian.

Kata Kunci


Pohon, Taman Nasional Gunung Gede-Pangrango, zona montana, zona sub montana, zona sub alpine

Teks Lengkap:

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Referensi


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.20886/jphka.2016.13.1.1-14

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